Rhythm and Metre
What we will need to recognise in the Exam:
- simple and compound time
- regular, irregular, and free rhythms
- augmentation, diminution, hemiola and cross-rhythm
- tempo, rubato
- drum fills
Pulse and Time signatures:
- Pulse is the beat of the music (what you tap your feet to)
- Pulse is steady
- There are two different types of time signature: simple and compound time
- In simple time each beat is divided into two equal parts
- Examples of simple time: 4/4, 3/4, 2/4
- In compound time each beat is divided into three equal parts
- Examples of compound time: 6/8, 9/8, 12/8
- A feature of compound time signatures is dotted notes.
- A dotted note adds half as much again to the length of the note
Regular and Irregular ryhthms
- Irregular rhythm can be classified as music with irregular meter such as 5/4
- Regular rhythm are songs with meter such as 2/4, 3/4, 4/4.
- In music, regular rhythm has long notes coinciding with strong beats and shorter notes coinciding with weaker beats.
- Irregular rhythm has long notes coinciding with weak beats and short notes coinciding with…