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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 10-05-13 12:49

Pearl Harbour

  • Most important naval base, packed with 80 warships
  • The US knew an attack was imminent but thought it would be closer to Japan
  • November 1941 Japanese task force set sail undetected
  • Sunday 7th December, 350 planes launchedfrom 6 aircraft carriers
  • Simultaneous attacks occured n the Phillipines, Guan, Hong Kong, Midway
  • 4 battleships were sunk and the other 4 damaged
  • 8 other ships were sunk and 188 aircrafts destroyed
  • 2,400 killed and 1,200 wounded
  • Aircraft carriers were away at the time
  • Damaged vesseks repaired very quickly
  • Only 1 member in the House of Representatives voted against war
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Americas Role in WWII

  • After Pearl Harbour there was a strong backing to the war effort
  • The power of the Federal Government greatly increased, became necessary to call up, train and equip an army of millions
  • Roosevelt supported the British and gave extensive support to the Soviet Union
  • Took untill 1943 for America to effectively strike against the Japanese e.g losses in Phillipines and Guam
  • Wasn't untill D-Day that America helped in the main invasion of Western Europe
  • Americas influence became more dominant, although Churchill & Roosevelt had a good relationship, it was clear who called the shots
  • The final victory was achieved in 1945 and American dominance was enhanced by the Atomic Bomb.
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The War to Stalin

The British gave TIME

The Soviet Union gave BLOOD

The Americans gave MONEY

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Was it a "Good War"?

  • Office of War Information - coordinate coverage of the war through films, posters etc
  • Government promoted propaganda
  • Hollywood helped encourage films promoting the message of a Good War
  • Few people heard anything about hate strikes or the Black Market
  • The War memories were shaped by propaganda
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Impact of the war - Economic

  • War Production Board supervised the allocation of key resources such as petrol, rubber and steel 
  • Unemployment was down to 2% in 1943
  • Earnings in the bottom s1/5 of society rose by 68%
  • Chief gainers became the Middle Class (increase in taxation made richest 5% income drop to 16%)
  • Office of Price Administration provided 73,000 employees by 1945
  • Henry Ford - worlds largest aircraft factory
  • Henry Kaiser - production of "Liberty Ships" which carried 3,000 jeeps and 440 tanks
  • By 1945 Gross Domestic Product was 37.2%
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Impact of the War - Social

  • By 1944 36% of the workforce were female
  • Living standards dramatically improved
  • Life expectancy increased by 3 years on average
  • Life expectancy for blacks increased by 5 years
  • Infant mortality fell by a third
  • Soaring birth/marriage rate
  • Introduction of paid holidays and health insurance
  • Increase in power of unions
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Impact of the War - Political

  • Federal Budget increased from $5.3 billion to $97.2 billion
  • Revolution in revenue collection
  • Close relationship with business
  • War Powers Act granted Roosevelt unprecedented authority to lead the nation in Total War
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