Was Richard I neglectful of England ?



Richard can be judged as a neglectful King due to his absense in Crusade. 

Despite this he still achieved control by appointing trustworthy leader.

Longchamp's mistake was no fault of Richard 

Fullfilled all aspects a King should be - Military skilled, leadership,organisation.

More succsfull in all aspects than any other King as he made sure key workable structures were in place before he left to fight in the Holywar. 

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Richard inherited a fincially wealthy Kingdom-£100,000 marks in the English Treasury.

  •  The sum did not last due to coronation cost of £24,000+inflation,rebellion,Welsh unrest. 
  • Richard responded to the fincial decrease by selling land: Roger of Howden 'everything was for sale,offices,lordships,earldomssheriffdoms,castles,towns,the lot' - Hugh de puiset (Bishop of Durham) purchased Northumberlan for 2,000 marks + an extra 1,000 to release hik from crusade. 

Counter: Gillingham: Richard only sold lands to 'Men of experience'--> England was not in danger. 

  • Richard was like all other monarchs-had an intrest in raising substantial money for war.
  • Richard just raised the money much more efficently (4months) - shows he is a good tactful leader. 

Richard was not neglectful of England as he acted quickly to the fincial depletion of England-made intelligent sales which only improved the fincial postiion of England. 

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Richard made new appointments to senior positions of Government. Some choices arecontroversial between historians...

William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely appointed as joint Justiciar in 1189 -Vs- Hugh de puiset. 

  • Humble background,Norman origin,did not speak English-Not popular amongst English 
  • Longchamps language barrier created divisions in Government as the newly appointed Hugh De Puiset cold not work with him- Sphere of authority became official at Humber March 1190. 
  • Anti-foreign feeling grew as by June 1190, Longchamp established supremacy over Hugh
  • Longchamps new found power caused him to demonstrate himself as arrogant and extravagent. 

This did not serve Government well as it created an undercurrent of rebels...

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Count John was to blame for the inflation of Anti-foreign feeling

  • Opposed Longchamp after he agreed with Richard making his nephew, Arthur,heir to the throne.
  • John exploited Longchamp by declaring he was 'importing foreigners and unknown men'(DEVIZERS)

Longchamps response:

  • Physical threats to John-beseiged Lincoln castle&targeted wigmore castle when Mortimer revolted.
  • This resulted in Johns rebellion-Not a major threat due to quit-claim of canterbury which prevented esculation. 

September 1191: Longchamps men arrest Archbishop Geoffrey when in refuge at dover priory.

  • Increased the seriousness of Johns rebellion as many allied with John against the foreign rival.
  • Longchamp fled in disgrace. 
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Richard trusted Longchamp: 

  • It was important for a King to trust in his chancellor as he learned from Henry II relationship with Becket
  • Longchamp never betrayed/went against Richard personally- Justifies why Richard never felt the need to demote his position.
  • Not fluent in English but well educated/ experienced in Civil Law.

Lands Given to John:

  • Majority of land was given to John at the coronation- Was this Richard neglecting? 
  • ⅓ of English lands and he had inherited Ireland.
  • already holding Derby,Glamorgan and Newport because of his marriage to Isabel of Gloucester.
  • received honorary lands of Tickhill,Wallingford,Lancaster, Marlborough and Ludgershall.

Large disribiution can seen as a wekness of Richard-not coping with lands.

Gillingham believes Richard was honouring his father's will by giving John £4000 worth of land Richard never expanded the request of his father, in fact he tried to limit Johns powerbase by refusing to grant to him castles.

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  • Still demonstarted control in his absense 
  • Trustworthy leader-Longchamp
  • Longchamp's mistakes were no fault of no direct effect to Richard. 
  • Most succesfull King both militarlily and finacially 
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