Cromwell's foreign policy

HideShow resource information
Preview of Cromwell's foreign policy

First 302 words of the document:

Cromwell's Foreign policy
1) Religious considerations
Wanted to weaken the powerful Spain, which was the most powerful catholic
2) Commercial considerations
Cromwell didn't recognise the growing importance of commercialism at this time
3) National considerations
English formed an alliance with France against Spain from 16551659
4) Imperial considerations
Historians viewed the acquisition of Jamaica in 1655 as evidence of Imperial
National and commercial considerations were becoming more important during the
foreign policy of the commonwealth. There was commercial rivalry between the Dutch
and the English, both in Europe and the East indies.
The End of the Dutch War Treaty of Westminster April 1654
Cromwell was a reluctant supporter of the war; he didn't believe in fighting fellow
protestant, he believed protestant nations should form an alliance and direct their
overall power against Spain. He wanted an end to the war when he became protectorate
in 1653; he was helped by the scapegoat that was Jesuit agents who had conspired to
cause hostility between the two nations (there was of course no evidence for this),
basically they both wanted to end the war, but they were too pussy to lose face to the
Dutch had to stick to the navigation act
Dutch had to honour the English flag at sea
Dutch agreed to stop offering refuge to English Royalists
The aim of the treaty was to prevent the Stuart royalists from exploiting their links with
the house of orange (Charles II sister had married William II of Orange, who then
promptly died in 1650) but people were still worried that Charles Stuart would use his
connections to return to Britain.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Under the treaty the Dutch promised that a member of their royal family would never
again act as Stadtholder, Cromwell insisted that the terms were not too harsh on the
Dutch because he wanted their support to defeat Spain.
The defeat of the Dutch enhanced the military reputation of the protectorate and this in
turn encouraged other nations to consider alliances with England. By the end of 1654
the protectorate had signed alliances with Sweden, Denmark and Portugal.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

God's judgment for England's lack of progress in creating a godly nation> he used
this to introduce the major generals.
Commercial war with Spain was harmful as there was growing discontent at the high
taxes to fun war when there was no benefit.
The war with Spain officially started in 1655, but really it started with the failure of the
western design. Overall the war was successful.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The Baltic
Sweden was a powerful country with a lot of control over the Baltic Sea and England
wanted an alliance so they could be more prominent in the Baltic. In 1654 Sweden and
England entered into a treaty intended to weaken the Dutch, who had a
disproportionate commercial advantage. Cromwell refused a full alliance with Sweden,
settling for a commercial treaty because they didn't want any one power completely
controlling the Baltic.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Baltic, through the trading agreement with Sweden. However the navy
costs a lot of money.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »