urbanisation: kiberia, nariobi squatter settlement

notes on the problems in the Kiberia squattersettlement in Nariobi and the solutions to them.

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problems

  • overcrowding- 1 million people live in 255 hectacres of land
  • poorly constructed homes of wood, mud and corrugated iron.
  • lack of services ans sanitation means waterborne diseases like cholera are rife. roads act as open sewers.
  • mains water is run by private groups and is expensive
  • 10,000 orphans of aids
  • 80% rely on informal low paid jobs
  • high level of crime
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Why does it exist?

  • high level of rural to urban migration in past 30 years has led to overcrowding in the city
  • drought and crop failures in Kenya have pushed people towards city
  • people think they will have a better quality of life in the city
  • people can only afford to live in makeshift housing in the Kiberia slum
  • Kenyan government doesn't have the money to pay for services to be improved
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solutions

  • british charity is making low cost roof tiles to help self help to develop. Self help is giving people the tools and training to improve their homes with the help of cheap loans
  • Un habitat has provided affordable electricity in some areas
  • Site and service schemes set up. This involves providing land with basic services such as water, electricity and transport links. People can buy this land with low interest loans and then they construct their own homes on it.
  • council and world bank supplied cheaper water costing 3 shillings for 20 litres.
  • Un habitat and kenyan government are re-housing people as part of a 15 year project
  • residents have been involved in planning the spending of 650 million Kenyan shillings
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did it work?

YES

  • self help projects have allowed improvements to housing
  • UN habitat and Kenyan government scheme has rehoused 100's of families
  • good community spirit and visitors are welcomed

NO

  • migrants move into Kiberia faster than they can be rehoused
  • high population density makes it hard to improve sanitation and services
  • not enough jobs and people are still dependant on low paid informal economy.
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Comments

sarahish

very helpful for my exam next week on urbanisation

you have only stated the problems of kibera,nairobi is there any positive points on that squatter settlements,ie improvements on infrastructure or sanitation

Thegirlwhoknewtoomuch - Team GR

 sarahish

It's all on cards 3 and 4

sarahish

i didnt realise thanx

sarahish

thanx for the notes i have an exam on thursday,sigh.

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