- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 19-02-20 15:46
- The conquest disrupted trade and towns, destroying parts of towns such as half of York.
- Fighting destroyed Lincoln, Exteter and Durham, with castles pulling own homes. 166 in Lincoln. Taxes increased, shown by the Doomsday book. Intermarriage created stability.
- London was well knwn for trade thanks to the Thames, William produced writs protecting London's traditional rights. It had to recover to its original prosperity.
- Castles initially disrupted trade but they brought stability in garrisons. 21 towns with castles.
- New castles and churches encouraged merchants and artisans to produce goods.
- They traded grain, hides, tin (mines in Cornwall), fish, beer and wool.
- Trade also came from Outremer and Europe, each city had trade quarters in London.
- Frenchmen had exemptions- 'French Street' in Southhampton had 96 French traders.
- Jewish community appeared, trading foregin and English coins.
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- Peasants had brutality, plunder and murder. Many refugees were displaced.
- 1/3 of Yorkshire was waste, its value dropped by 60% in Doomsday.
- Normans wanted higher rents and increased work obligations.
- The ASC describes English laments over rents. Normans took land for their demense.
- Many landowners became tenants and had to pay rent on thier own land.
- There were less land owning peasants and more landless labourers.
- However, they did not change agricultural systems or introduce any innovations.
- Nucleated villages had a manor house, church and three large common fields.
- These were invented to have more power over the workforce.
- The ASC describes fires, bad harvests. famines, diseases, and stomrs from 1066-1100.
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- Source of opression/pleasure for the Normans. Also used for food.
- William loved hunting, took Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset and Essex as royal forest.
- Sherwood forest in Nottingham, New Forest in Hampshire.
- 2000 were displaced and 20 villages destroyed for the forests.
- Restrictions were placed under wood gathering, farming and scavanging.
- Civil law was based around land- the Forest laws had separate rules since everything belonged to the royal reserve, animals and nature, timber, and food.
- William Rufus faced a rebellion from his uncle in 1088- he used forest law to gain support against his uncle.
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- 10% of Edward's population were slaves, for manual, agricultural and domestic work.
- They were born into slavery, captured or raided and distributed round the country.
- Got rid of slavery, you get more money from tenants' rent and taxes.
- The church disliked slavery for morality, stopping abuse and stopping illegitimate children.
- Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury from 1070, stopped slavery.
- Church reform was part of William's promises to the Pope, slavery was a sin.
- Slaves in Essex fell 25 percent between 1066 and 1086 (Doomsday).
- Lanfranc persuaded William to free men in Wales in 1081 and made freeing slaves a law.
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