The 'Soviet Man': the national picture

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Magnitogorsk is just one example of the massive change that took place in the USSR in the 1930s

  • The regime was committed to economic, social and cultural transformation
  • In the First Five-Year Plan, there was massive social dislocation as 10 million peasants changed occupations and moved to the towns

By 1939, the combination of the technical education opportunities granted by the cultural revolution and the opportunities of upward mobility, created as a result of rapid industrialisation and the purges, meant that a working class/peasant governing elite had been virtually achieved

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