Topic 6- ICT and Learing

Topic 6- ICT and Learing

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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • Online tutorials
  • Online assessments
  • Virtual learning environments

Online tutorials

  • Use ICT for learning
  • Contain content to instruct students
  • Simulations allow students to see what happens in different situations
  • Animations help students understand how things work
  • Self-tests let students know how much they have learnt

Advantages of online tutorials

  • Flexibility as to where and when students learn
  • Materials make use of multimedia
  • Materials can be accessed with lots of devices
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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • Can learn in the car, while out running, etc
  • Keep students using them interested and motivated by the variety of activites
  • Students can work at their own pace
  • It does not matter if you get things wrong- the computer will not judge you

Disadvantages of online tutorials

  • The software is often complex and uses lots of animation and graphics, which make it expensive
  • Students often need the interaction of their classmates on order to learn
  • Can present an opportunity for students to have a break rather than work on the online tutorials
  • It is hard for teachers to gauge progress using some of the packages
  • Lack of flexibility as human tachers can explain things in different ways to help you

Online assessments

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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • Exams adn tests perform on the computer
  • The computer marks your work and gives you your result

Advantages of online assessments

  • The results are obtained immediately
  • You can analyse what you did well on and what you did less well on, so you can target your revision
  • Frees up teacher time, as there are no assessments to mark

Disadvantages of online assessments

  • Danger of hackers accessing the system and changing marks
  • Reliance on equipment that may go wrong
  • Only suitable for certain types of assessments as it would be hard to get a computer to mark an essay
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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

Virtual learning environments (VLEs)

Main features are:

  • Students assessments
  • Allow teachers to add their own comment
  • Allow teachers adn students to communicate with each other
  • Students can submit work electronically
  • Teachers can mark and return work electronically
  • Teachers can set homework tailored for each students
  • Upload videos
  • Share music

Advantaged of VLEs

  • Students can access VLE using any computer or portable devices that will connect to the internet
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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • Learning can take place at any time- the student is not restriceted to learning online in lessons
  • Students can assess themselves at any time- this makes them feel more responsible for their own learning and progress

Disadvantages of VLEs

  • The software is very expensive
  • There is a danger of hackers altering reports, test marks, etc
  • Staff need a lot of training to use them
  • Entering content can be time consuming

Learning devices and software to support disabilites

  • There is a huge range of specialist input devices that can be used by people when disabilities to help them learn
  • Braille keyboards are used to enter text into a computer and are used by the blind
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Topic 6- ICT and Learing


  • These can be used to issue instructions and enter a text into a computer system. They can be wired or wireless. Can be used in a range of ways by those with a disability.

Touch sensitive data entry devices

  • These allow a person to make selections by simply tocuhing a screen. They are used in a range of ways in supermarkets, airports, train stations, as learning devices, etc. MAin advantage is that it is really simple to use for almost everyone

Voice recognition software

  • The advantage of voice recognition software are:
  • Faster than typing
  • Most people can talk faster than they can type
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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • Accurate-provided time as been spent with the software teaching it how to recognize your voice
  • It is cheap to dictate yourself than pay someone to type, and the software and microphone are inexpensive

Disadvantages voice recongnition software

The disadvantages of voice recognition software are that:

  • It takes a while to get used to- and can be frustration to use at frist
  • It is not accurate at first- the software needs to get used to your voice/accent by speaking and then correcting the mistakes the software makes
  • There is confusion with similar sounding words, e.g. two and to
  • Background noise can cause error

Customised Desktop Environments

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Topic 6- ICT and Learing

  • There are many ways in which the desktop environment of a computer can be changed to suit the need of the user. These are the ways it can be changed to help disable users:
  • You can use an on screen and use a mouse or joystick to point or select letters from it
  • You can use the narrator to read out text that appears on the screen
  • You can choose the use to voice recognition to type in text or issue commands
  • You can alter the combintion of colours used- this is useful for the colour blind
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