Theories about variations of English

  • Created by: Chessie
  • Created on: 10-05-19 12:30

Paul Kerswill (2013)

  • MLE has West-Indian, South Asian, Cockney and Estuary English roots.
  • It's a youth slang and an accent/dialect for core users.
  • It is mostly picked up at schools in which 50% of the pupils have English as a second language.
  • It's a defence mechanism for youths who have experienced discrimination or a lack of progress in life to exclude others.
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Gary Ives (2014)

  • MLE comes from Afro-Caribbean and Jamaican roots with words such as 'bruv', 'bredrin', 'hype' and 'bare' all having roots in these cutlures.
  • It's also used by children with a white ethnicity.
  • Because of this, cultural/ethnic factors aren't synonymous in a group but, rather, the lexicon that they use.
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'Them' as a demonstrative pronoun:

Jenny Cheshire and Viv Edwards (1997):

  • Present in 97.7 (98%) of the schools that they studied.
  • They thought that this could be due to American dialects on TV.

Kortmann and Szmrecsanyi (2004):

  • Present everywhere apart from Orkney and the Shetland Isles.
  • This, again links to the idea that this is present because of American dialects- Orkney and Shetland are remote areas.
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Thomas Pear (1931)

  • 'Matched-Guise testing' - got an actor to speak in different accents within English.
  • Concluded that people have a different perception of somebody based on the way that they speak.

Howard Giles (1973):

  • Got British teenagers to listen to speeches about the death penalty in RP and Birmingham accents.
  • They perceived the RP accent to be more competent and intelligent.

Howard Giles (1975):

  • Got two groups of 17 year olds to witness the RP and Birmingham accent.
  • Conclusively, they thought that the RP accent was more comeptent and intelligent.
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Dixon, Mohoney and Cox (2002)

  • Studied the relation between accent and guilt.
  • Concluded that the Birmingham accent was significantly more guilty than others.
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Choy and Dodd (1976)

Determined that teachers made judgements on a student's ability and personality based on their accent.

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Aziz Cooperation (2005)

  • Home country, American, Scottish, Continental European and Asian Accents are viewed as the most successful.
  • Geordie, Liverpudlian and Birmingham accents are viewed as the least successful.
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