The Jarrow Crusade

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Palmers Shipyard

Palmers Shipyard

  • Biggest employer in Jarrow
  • Warship demand fell after WW1
  • Fewer cargo ships after Wall Street crash
  • 1930's- Yard too small to build cruise liners
  • 1934- Palmers Scrapped
  • Unemployment rose to 80%
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Causes

Causes

  • Palmers scrapped
  • 1000,s dependant on govt
  • DR & infant mortality rate soared
  • Representative sent to president of board of trade London
  • Rejected- Final straw


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The march

The March

  • Took petition to raise awareness
  • 450km-22 stage
  • 200 smart men of Jarrow
  • Led by MP Ellen Wilkinson (Communist)
  • Locals accomodated them (boot repairs etc)
  • Little support in London or parliment
  • Failed to bring jobs back
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Success or failure

Success or failure?

  •  petition asked for help from gov for jobs


  • Lots of support and awareness in Public


  • improved image of hunger marches


  • Stanley Baldwin ignored march and petition


  • Jobs did come in future
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Important details

Important details

  • Refused to cooperate with NUWM (National unemployed workers movement)
  • NO SUPPORT FOR ANY POLITICAL PARTY
  • Support from Labour and Tories
  • Baldwin v v v unsympathetic to marches
  • Refused help from communists
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title page

THE JARROW CRUSADE

1936


 

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