The effects of Age, Gender and Ethnicity on voting.

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Age

  • In 2005, Labour and Lib Dems fared better amongst young people
  • Young people tend to be more idealistic in their thinking, wanting a better and more peaceful world with more social justice.
  • Middle aged people tend to be more realistic and cynical of what can be acheived by social change.
  • Elderly people are likely to be annoyed about paying more finance, particularly to thise on benefits, as they themselves only just manage to be financially stable.
  • Era in which the person grew up is also a determing factor.
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Gender

  • Women used to be overwhelmingly pro-conservative. The reasons given for this were that
  • Women often stayed at home, they did not suffer bad working conditions, and were protected from the influence of trade union membership
  • Women had a greater commitment to traditional values of family and religion
  • Women were naturally more cautious in their attitude to social change.
  • However, in the 1980s, this began to reverse and women began to vote pro-labour.
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Ethnicity

  • Members of ethnic minorities have traditionally been more likely to vote Labour.
  • Across all ethnic minorities the turnout of voters is relatively low.
  • In 2005, turnout was lower in substantially minority constituences, and labour lost ground in consituiencies with a large muslim population.(Iraq?)
  • In 1997, 89% of black and 81% of Asians voted Labour.
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