The Scientific Method
- Empirical methods rather than unsupported claims
- Objectivity (not accounted for researchers expectations) and control to ensure data is reliable
- Replicability verifies results
- Theory construction to predict events in the world.
- Hypothesis testing to modify theories cannot but proved but falsified
- Inductive (reasoning from particular to general) or deductive (reasoning from general to particular).
- Scientific research is desirable.
- Psychology shares the goals of science, but may be just 'dressing up'
- Lack of objectivity and control e.g experimenter bias and demand characteristics
- Are goals of science appropriate? Nomothetic versus idiographic.
- Scientific methods havent work e.g treatments for mental illness
- Qualitive approach is reductionist- reduces complex phenomena to simple ones
- And determinist- searches for causal relationships.
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Validating new knowledge
- Used in research funding, scientific journals and university departments.
- Research published on the internet requires new solutions.
- Protects against fraud (examples Burt and Hauser)
- There isnt always an expert available
- Anonymity allows honesty and objectivity or may permit dishonesty
- Publication bias favours positive results
- May lead to preservation of status quo
- Cant remove flawed research from public record
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