Beginning of Edward's reign
- At the start of Edward's reign the catholic faction was weak. Gardiner had been excluded from council(his bishopric was later taken in 1551)
- Edward was a strong protestant
- Exiled foreign protestants were arriving
- Therefore there was a high expectation for a strong protestant government.
- However, the privy council were split; there was an even balance of opinion amongst the bishops, and thereofre the council was undecided about reform.
- Furthermore, masses wanted to keep traditional practices; only 1/5 of londoners were protestant.
- Also, somerset didn't want to antagonise Charles V
- Therefore, initial reforming steps were hesitant.
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- Cromwell's 1538 injunctions were reintroduced, with additions; e.g they encouraged iconoclasm
- Cramner's homilies were encouraged
- catholic legislation, such as the Act of 6 Articles and the Kings book were repealed.
- Catholic opponents like Edmund Bonner were deprived of their sees
- 1547: Chantries Act: 2374 chantries, 90 colleges and 110 hospitals were dissolved
- The reasons were doctrinal and financial- the cash yield was arounf £16000
- 1549: Priests allowed to marry
- 1549: new prayer book (though slightly ambiguous.)
- Act of Uniformity- defined only 5 sacraments, but no change to the eucharist
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- Some radicals such as Bucer and Ridley called for more extreme change
- As always, the effectiveness of new legislation depended on the willingness of bishops to carry out their new duties, e.g. visitations.
- 1550: A new ordinal, with a more radical tone
- 1552: Second edwardina Prayer Book.
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- It was clear that she would restore Catholicm
- 1553: Statute of Repeal; the doctrine of the church was restored to as it had been under the 1547 articles
- Mary's advisors encouraged caution in restoring Catholicm.
- 1554: Second Statute of Repeal;
- this ended royal supremacy and returned england to papal authority.
- parliament would not recognise her plans of a full scale restoration of the monasteries, but she did return monastic lands which totaled £60000/year.
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- Heresy laws were restored; Ridley, latimer and Cramner burnt
- executions hardened the opposition , which encouraged colonies of exiles in eyurope.
- The amount of executions exeeded any in the continent over the same period.
- Unpopularity of the Marian regime spread, local authorites tried to avoid engorcement of legislation
- Pole tried to instigate an eductaional programme
- 'Procalmations issued by the Privy Council'- death penalty for anyone with heretical literature.
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