COMPLETE NOTES on the reigns of Edward and Mary, taken from AQA textbook.

This is a document containing complete, detailed notes on the reigns of Edward VI and Mary.

The notes cover government, religion, foreign policy, economic policy, social issues, succession and of course, the three rebellions. A section dedicated to the "Mid-Tudor Crisis" is added, repeating some of the previous notes but with the addition of information from outside of the AQA textbook.

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  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 08-06-12 14:06

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Page 1

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Complete notes from AQA textbook: A2 History, The Triumph of
Elizabeth: Britain 1547-1603.

Edward, Mary and the Mid-Tudor Crisis.
I apologise for the inconsistency in punctuation and format, and hope these notes may be of some
use to you. Good luck with your exams! :)

Edward VI under Somerset (1547-1549)…

Page 2

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Somerset appears to be a genuine convert to Protestantism.
This, along with the King's Protestantism, heavily influenced the religious changes.
Somerset welcomed Protestant radicals such as Harper and Bacon.
A series of acts were passed:
1547: denunciation of images in London. This reflected radical attitudes and was supported
within government…

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Not 100% religious, distrust between peasants and landowners was a contributing factor.
Somerset placed a tax on sheep - London seemed uncaring and ignorant.
Insensitive local officials worsened the situation.

Kett's Rebellion

Not religiously motivated: little evidence of conservative beliefs among leaders, and many
rebels attended services which used the…

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Warwick joined up with Southampton, Arundel and other conservatives. They decided that
Somerset's control must end.
The coup asked Princess Mary for her support but she didn't want to get involved.
By October, most of the council including Cramner were part of the conspiracy against
Somerset realised his position…

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Two parts to Northumberland's religious strategy: wanted to continue Protestant reforms
that Somerset began, and also wanted to extract wealth from the church.
Influence of Cramner, Ridley and Hooper made changes towards Protestantism a bit more
The radicalism also reflected the increasing influence of Edward, who took his position…

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Troops withdrawn from Scotland, no issues at the borders.

Succession Crisis of 1553

Henry VIII stated in his will: Edward first, then Mary if Edward has no heir.
Nobody expected Edward to die so soon, rapid decline of his health in 1553 panicked
everybody because nothing was planned.
Northumberland feared…

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Much evidence for massive popular rejoicing and celebrations in many parts of the country.

Mary's ascension and the establishment of the Marian regime:

Mary's ascension was undoubtedly well received by English people, on the whole.
- traditional view: English people waned the legitimate succession.
- revised view: scale of popularity…

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- Never fully trusted Gardiner, who had failed to support her mother during the break from
Rome. But she did value his political skill, his death left a hole in government.
- Consequently Mary mainly had the advice of two foreigners, Philip and Renard, the
ambassador of Charles V.


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Paget had interest in avoiding the truth - Gardiner had links with Devon and Paget knew
Elizabeth would one day be Queen. Didn't want to upset her.
- Wyatt became close to success. He had raised and kept a large following, outmanoeuvred
the Duke of Norfolk and came close to…

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Legislative attack on Protestants began with the meeting of Mary's first parliament in 1553.
- it repealed the ecclesiastical laws that had been passed during Edward's reign and restored
order of service as it had been at Henry's death
Reversing the Edwardian legislation did not alter the legal status of…


Morag Mcpherson


Thank you so much! This is SO useful.

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