Revision Notes on Mary I - Edexcel A2 History - Unit 3

Revision notes on Mary I/tudor for edexcel A2 history unit 3! In simple note form for ease

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Mary I 1553-1558
Accession of Mary
Mary's accession generally accepted and favoured by the English people, most likely because she
was a legitimate successor
There was the issue with Lady Jane Grey ­ Northumberland attempted to make his
daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, the successor after Edward. She was Queen for nine days, but
was deposed and Mary carried on as legitimate successor.
Faction
Mary was determined to fill the council with loyal people, but she couldn't prevent all rivalries! =
Gardiner vs. Paget.
The rivalry emerged over Mary's marriage issue. Gardiner proposed that Mary should marry
Courtnay, and Paget argued she should marry Phillip of Spain
Some were also sceptical of some of her policies, such as the effectiveness of the burning of
protestants.
However, despite some disagreements with her policies, she managed to obtain agreement for 3
major steps: the full return to Rome in religion, her marriage to the heir of the Spanish throne and
the declaration of war on France
Faction was much less of a problem in Mary's reign than her predecessors, with a greater sense of
continuity and solidarity among most councillors.
Marriage
The first question on everybody's lips was "Who should marry Mary?"
Edward Courtney vs. Phillip of Spain
Why Phillip?
He was a Catholic
He was Spanish, and Mary was half Spanish after all!
He had more political experience as he had already been regent in the Netherlands
Spain has money and owns most of Europe and the Americas
It would counter balance the power of France as Spain ruled Netherlands next to France
Marrying a domestic noble like Courtney would produce terrible factional problems
Why not Phillip?

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Some councillors, such as Gardiner, feared Spain would have too much power and influence in
England and just make them another province
Also, general xenophobia may, to a degree, explain some discontent with the Spanish marriage
Phillip was not Mary's subject, so she could not overrule him! She would value his advice over
anyone
Related to gender ­ whoever she would marry she may agree to obey and be subordinate
Courtney as a catholic and a family friend!
Outcome
Mary decided against Coutney, marrying Phillip…read more

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However, even though Mary had quite traditional views, she was exempt from the usual
characteristics of female subordination in marriage
Pressure to marry to produce a legitimate heir could also be argued to be shaped by Mary's gender.
However, this is no doubt an issue for every monarch, regardless of gender, just that Mary had
to directly become pregnant, thus perhaps having more pressure on her.…read more

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But, it was seen as pretty bad at the time, as not only did they get defeated, but England also lost
Calais! Although this was an economic benefit as Calais was proving very expensive to keep hold of,
it was seen as extremely humiliating to English people
Religion
When Mary first came to the throne she didn't implement harsh catholic policy as she
believed that everyone was secretly catholic, and that people just pretended to be
protestant under Edwards reign
Upon her succession, people were…read more

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Her first parliament repealed most of Edwards protestant legislation. ­ She felt she
needed to use parliament to prevent Protestantism ­ but why if she thought it was the
true religion?
Parliament agreed to all of Henry's crazy changes, agreed to Edwards conversion to
Protestantism and agreed to Mary's change of Catholicism.…read more

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Religious crisis: The Prayer Book rebellion under Edward and Wyatt's rebellion under Mary. In
some cases, the local gentry failed to deal with the uprisings and the central Gov. had to intervene.
Raising troops was difficult and expensive. The normal methods were through asking for support
from local militia. Somerset had to bring his troops back from the border, ending his policy of
garrisoning.…read more

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­ Cranmer! Why would you save the
soul of someone you hate?
Navy and Militia because...the reforms she made as a result of the war were beneficial for years
to come! She greatly expanded naval fleets and improved the militia
Helped SOME of the economy... Mary also made vital administration reforms to the tax system
which helped the bankruptcy that her father Henry VIII had left. She gets a bad press but not all
of it is fair.…read more

Comments

fiona

great revision notes, covers all areas of reign! thankyou :)


malshademel123

really good revision notes, thank you!

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