Psychology Humanistic P1

  • Therapy.
  • Self- actualisation.
  • ideal self.
  • real self.
  • triangulation.
  • ideographic/ monothetic.
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Main topics:

  • Self actualisation.
  • ideal/real self.
  • therapy.
  • triangulation.
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  • inter-subjective verification - when 2 or more people believe they saw something e.g. a UFO then this should be accepted.
  • Triangulation- more than 2 approaches to test things, observing something with more than psychologist.
  • ideographic approach- investigates into a person in depth
  • monothetic- only looks for general principles
  • Ideal self- who we would like to be. there are two types; Congruence which is self and ideal is similar and incongruence which is self and ideal are different e.g. an alcoholic but ideally does not want to be.
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  • Humans in nature are good (whereas Freud thinks otherwise)
  • people are driven to do their best or achieve their maximum
  • we have free will.
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  • Carl Roger`s Theory - everyone has a potential to take control of their lives throughout counselling, he came to this conclusion by having case study of his own patients who he had helped.
  • theory of motivation- (Maslow) hierarchy of needs these include; spiritual, social and material.
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  • Observation
  • Case studies
  • Interviews
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  • Carl Roger`s Client centred therapy includes; active listening and understanding, reflection and explore what they are feeling, active interpretation and suggesting meaning which goes beyond what the client says.
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  • Coopersmith- boys with confident and he wanted to investigate whether the boys behaviour is linked to the parents behaviour and the success of their future.
  • Carl Rogers therapy
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