Maturation-the unfolding of behaviors that are genetically programmed for all humans and learning-systematic changes in behavior, thoughts and feelings as a result of experience.
To what extent do biological, cognitive, and socio-cultral factors influence human development?
Evaluate psychological research relevant to developmental psychology
- Observations and interviews in naturalistic settings (don't lend to control)
- Labratory experiments (ecological validity is questioned)
- Combinations of experimental data are corroborated by findings from naturalistic settings
- Case study (ethical issues)
- Longitudinal research (participants development is measured over time)-time consuming
- Corss-sectional design (comparing two or more groups on a particular variable
Evaluate theories of cognitive development
- Newborn babies show universal characteristics at birth
- Mirror neurons (baby responds to human faces, enables interaction long before language develops)
- Synaptic growth is most significant in first year of life
- Neuroplasticity (ability to develop and change in response to environment)
- Chugani (1999) PET scan of glucose metabolism
- little activity in cerebral cortex (higher-level…