Contrast 1 biological explanation of the origin of attraction with 1 psychological or social explanation.

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  • Contrast 1 biological explanation of the origin of attraction with 1 psychological or social explanation.
    • Biological explanation
      • Buss(1990)
        • Results: females rated "Good financial prospects” and “good earning capacity” highly. Men rated "good looks" highly. Men preferred younger women who are closer to their fertility peak while women preferred men older than them.
        • Conclusion: As it is a cross-cultural study, results support the concept that preferences are biologically innate. Males will choose a younger and fertile females to widen their gene pools. Females are more choosy as they have a bigger investment.
        • Strengths: Cross-cultural data - universal and a biological phenomenon, a questionnaire - lots of data
        • Weaknesses: lost translation, not all countries were representated fairly, does not explain the psychological or the sociocultural aspects
    • Psychological explanation
      • Byrne and Nelson(1965)
        • Results: 50% or more shared attitudes - rated as more attractive by participants, 33% - less attractive
        • Conclusion: There is a linear relationship between perceived similarity in attitudes and attractiveness.
        • Weaknesses: no biological explanation for the linear relationship, likability and work enjoyment were used as a measure of attraction
        • Strengths: Questionnaire - lots of data

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