PE Theory HAL


Healthy Active Lifestyle

A healthy active lifestyle (HAL) is achieved through

  • Regular exercise and physical activity
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Avoiding harmful substances
  • Sustaining friendships

The benefits of a HAL can be classified into three main areas: Mental, social and physical

The main reasons people participate in sport (CCPAT):

  • Cooperation
  • Competition
  • Physical Challenge
  • Aesthetic Appreciation
  • The development of friendships
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Healthy Active Lifestyle

Key Influences impacting participation:

  • People
  • Image
  • Cultural Factors
  • Resources
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Socio-economic

Sports Participation Pyramid

  • Elite - The peak of the pyramid where people are competing nationally or internationally, Very few performers reach this level
  • Performance - Where specific skills are developed through coaching and competition
  • Participation - When young people begin to enjoy a specific activity and participate in it regularly
  • Foundation - An introduction to the activity
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Healthy Active Lifestyle

Opportunities for getting involved in sport:

  • Coaching/leadership
  • Officiating
  • Volunteers

Initiatives for getting involved in sport

  • PESSCL - PE School Sport and Club Link - 85% of children 2 hours of quality PE per week
  • School Sports Partnership - a group of schools clustered around a sports college
  • PESSYP - PE Sport Strategy for Young People - 2 hours of PE plus 3 extra curricular hours
  • Sport England - Start, Stay, Succeed   Grow, Sustain, Excel
  • Youth Sport Trust's TOP link
  • Active Kids Programme - Sainsburys
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Healthy Active Lifestyle

  • Health - A state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing
  • Fitness - The ability to meet the demands of the environment
  • Performance - How well a task is completed
  • Components of Health-Related Fitness
  • Cardiovascular fitness - The ability to exercise the body for long periods of time
  • Muscular strength - The amount of force a muscle can exert
  • Muscular endurance - The ability to use a muscle for a long time without tiring
  • Flexibility - The range of movement at a joint
  • Body Composition - The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone
  • Components of Skill-Related Fitness
  • Agility - The ability to change position of the body quickly, control movement of whole body
  • Balance - Maintain centre of mass above the base
  • Coordination - Use two or more body parts at once
  • Power - The ability to carry out strength exercises quickly
  • Reaction Time - The time taken between a stimulus and and the start of a movement
  • Speed - The ability to perform a movement or cover distance quickly
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Healthy Active Lifestyle

Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) determines whether an individual is safe to participate in physical activity. It enquires about past and present medical conditions.

Assessing Fitness Levels

  • Cardiovascular - 12 minute cooper test
  • Muscular Strength - Hand grip dynamometer test
  • Muscular Endurance - Sit ups in 30 seconds
  • Flexibility - Sit and reach test
  • Agility - Illinois aglilty test
  • Balance - Standing Stork test
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