MUMBAI CASE STUDY

HideShow resource information

BACKGROUND

  • population = 20 million
  • By 2050 it is predicted that it could be the biggest city in the world
  • People are paid low wages in order to attract investment and so they are taxed very little meaning there is little money to be spent on public services and infrastructure
  • 1000 migrants a day to Mumbai
  • more than half the population live in slums
  • it is of global importance particularly in the finance, manufacturing and telecommunication industry
1 of 3

PROBLEMS

  • only 30% of the urban poor have access to healthcare
  • poor sanitation, particularly in slums
  • Chembur - where rubbish dump waste is burnt - here 25% of the deaths in 2007/8 were caused by air pollution
  • very reliant on the monsoon rains and 'dry' years cause severe problems
  • Dharavi = biggest slum in India - 1 million people. It is located between two railway tracks. There are little employment opportunities so most people work in the informal sector in cottage industries or as street traders. Also the recycling of 80% of Mumbai's rubbish in Dharavi employs 10,000 people.  
2 of 3

SOLUTIONS

  • VISION MUMBAI - slums to be bulldozed and the land sold at a cheap price to developers. Then for every 1ft sq of housing made for the poor, they can receive 30% more for commerical development. By 2007 , 200,000 people had been moved into proper housing.
  • rainwater harvestng systems - (collect rainwater from roofs) all buildings over 300m sq have to have these. However, by 2007 only half the eligible buildings have these installed
  • alternative transport modes such as scooter, which reduce journey times but increase congestion and pollution. Also an extra 140km of new railway lines have been added to the metro system
  • slum sanitation project - set up by NGO's in 1995. It has constructed over 300 new communal toilet blocks for slums.   
3 of 3

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rural and urban challenges and regeneration resources »