Modern fibres and fabrics

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Microfibres.

Definition:
Microfibres are extremely fine synthetic fibres. They are mainly Polyester and Polyamide.

Characteristics:

  • Very lightweight
  • Soft
  • Drape well
  • 1/100th the diameter of a human hair
  • Exceptional strength
  • Easy care
  • Can be made water and wind resistant
  • Comfort of natural fibres
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Microfibres pt.2

Application of Microfibres

  • Clothing
  • Accessories
  • Cleaning textiles
  • Insulation
  • Basketballs
  • Upholstery
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Tencel

Definition
Tencel is a modern type of regenerated fibre, engineered from cellulose. This group fo fibres is classed as lyocells

Characteristics of Tencel:

  • Absorbant
  • Excellent wet strength
  • Crease resistant
  • Good drape
  • Biodegradable
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Tyvek

Definition:

Tyvek is a modern non woven fabric which derived from polyethyline fibres.

Characteristics of Tyvek:

  • Lightweight
  • Tear resistance
  • Cheap

Application of Tyvek 

  • Used as housewrap to provide a water barrier.
  • mail envelopes
  • HAZMAT application
  • Durable fabric in shoes
  • packaging for laboratory equipment
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Laminated Fabrics

Gore-tex and sympatex 

Definiton:

They are membrane systems which prevent water and wind from penetrating whilst allowing perspiration to escape.(http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/4965f5c6b4db5de06ec988d6b61391a5cfa8b108.gif)

Characteristics of laminated fabrics

  • Tough
  • Lightweight
  • Waterproof

Application of laminated fabrics

  • Used in sporting activities such as skiing.
  • Used in medical applications
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Micro encapsulated fabrics

Micro encapsulated fabrics definition:

Microencapsulation involves encapsulating liquid or solid substances in tiny thin-walled natural or synthetic bubbles. Microspheres gradually release active agents by simple mechanical rubbing, which ruptures the membrane over time.

Application of Micro encapsulated fabrics

  • incorperates moisturisers
  • incorperates therapeutic oils
  • incorperates insecticides
  • used in sportswear, underwear and work clothes
  • used in thermochromic and photochromic textiles
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