Textiles A Level Revision Booklet Complete revision

covers the majority of the A level exam spec,

includes:

fibres, natural, synthetic and micro

yarns

blends

woven fabrics

knitted fabrics

non-woven

modern and smart materials

polymers

finishes

nanomaterials and intergrated components

decorative techniques

fastenings, components, CAD/CAM

production methods

seams

british standards, health and safety

product maintanance

All the information is in full detail and from a variety of books and web resources, (including GCSE bitesize as it covers some information in easy detail) most of the information is from my notes, and textiles at the cutting edge

I hope you enjoy! as there is virtually nothing else out there for A-level textile students!

:)

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Preview of Textiles A Level Revision Booklet Complete revision

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall
Warmth Absorbency Comfort Handle and Strength Elasticity Aftercare
(comfort) (comfort) (comfort) drape (functional) (functional) (functional)
(aesthetics)
Natural fibres
Wool Warm to Slow, can Fine wool, Very soft or Medium Very good. Wash and
wear. absorb 31 its very coarse strength, not Creases iron with care,
weight in comfortable. handle. durable. drop out. may shrink.
water and not Coarse Good Dry clean.
feel wet. wool, drape.
Repels water scratchy.
droplets. Very
slow drying.
Silk Cool, but Fast, can Very Soft handle Good Very good, Wash and
good absorb 31 its comfortable. and elegant strength. creases iron with care,
insulation weight in drape. drop out. best dry
so warm as water. cleaned.
well.
Cotton Cool to Highly Very Soft handle. Good Poor. Wash, boil,
wear absorbent. comfortable Good strength, Creases iron damp.
unless Slow drying. unless wet. drape. abrasion easily. May shrink.
brushed. resistance,
and
durability.
Linen Fresh and Highly Stiffer and Firm Good Poor. Wash, boil,
cool to absorbent. harder than handle. strength Creases easily ironed.
wear. Fast drying. cotton. Smooth and very badly.
surface. durability.
Good
drape.
Manufactured
fibres
Viscose Low More Comfortable Soft or firm Lower Poor. Washable.
warmth. absorbent to wear. handle. strength Creases Easy to iron.
than cotton. Good than cotton. easily.
drape.
Acetate Low Low Comfortable Soft handle Low Higher than Wash and
warmth. absorbency. , but prone and elegant strength. viscose, but iron with care.
Fast drying. to static. drape. Poor creases. Thermoplasti
abrasion c.
resistance.
Polyester Low Very low Comfortable Soft or firm Very strong Very good. Machine
warmth, absorbency. , but prone handle. and Crease washable.
unless Hydrophobic. to static. abrasion resistant. Iron with care.
textured. Fast drying. Micro fibres resistant. Thermoplasti
breathable. c.
Polyamide Low Very low Comfortable Soft or firm Very strong Very good. Machine
(Nylon) warmth, absorbency. , but prone handle. and Crease washable.
unless Hydrophobic. to static. abrasion resistant. Iron with care.
textured. Fast drying. Micro fibres resistant. Thermoplasti
breathable. c.
Elastane Low % Absorbent. Adds stretch Soft or firm Good Very high. Machine
always Dyes well. comfort. handle. strength. Crease washable.
used in resistant. Thermoplasti
blends. c.
Acrylic Warm to Fast drying. Comfortable Very soft Good Very good. Machine
wear. to wear. woollike strength. Crease washable.
handle, resistant. Iron with care,
good drape. may shrink.
Thermoplasti
c.
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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall
Fibres
Fibres are the basis for all textiles. You need to know the difference between natural and
synthetic fibres, how each fibre is used, and which fibres can be combined together.
Textile materials are made in three stages:
1. spinning: fibres are spun into yarns
2. weaving or knitting: yarns become fabrics
3.…read more

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall
durable, crease resistant, stretchy (more comfortable) and is easy care. It has low
warmth and is absorbent.
Tencel is a 'natural' microfiber made from cellulose derived from woodpulp. It is
used for shirts and jeans. It has soft handle, good drape, is breathable, durable,
creaseresistant, easycare and biodegradable. It is absorbent and has low warmth.…read more

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision
Linen:
Natural cellulose from the stem of the flax plant
Produced as staple fibres
Strong, durable, long lasting, smooth surface, good drape
Highly absorbent, fast drying, fresh and cool to wear
Nonstatic because it always contains some moisture
Crisp, firm handle, stiffer and harder than cotton
Shrink proof, washes, irons and dyes well
Low elasticity, so creases very badly
Dirtrepellent, antimicrobial
Biodegradable and recyclable
Synthetic resin treatment ­ for creaseresist finish
Stainresist finishes using Teflon or silicone
Typical blends include…read more

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision
Expensive due to limited supply
Typically blended with wool, cotton and silk
Expensive worsted fabrics for suiting
Eveningwear
Scarves and knitwear
Cultivated Silk:
Silk fibres from the cocoon of the Mulberry silkworm
Produced as filaments up to 1km in length and as spun silk
Fine, smooth, lustrous, soft handle, elegant drape
Elastic, fairly creaseresistant, creases drop out
Can absorb up to 1 3 of its weight in water without feeling wet
Nonstatic because it always contains some moisture
Strong, durable,…read more

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall
Synthetic resin treatment ­ to reduce creasing and shrinkage although absorbency is
reduced
Wide range of finishes can be applied ­ such as textures and crimps
Typically blended with cotton, linen, wool, polyester and Elastane
Filament viscose produces lustrous and crepe fabrics
Staple viscose produces cotton, linen and wooltype fabrics
End uses include curtains, shirts, dresses, lingerie, ribbons and trimmings
Washable, do not bleach, easy to iron, can be drycleaned but not tumble dried
Modal:
Natural cellulose from wood pulp…read more

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision
Acetate:
Cotton cellulose and acetic acid
95% of the acetic acid can be recycled
Produced as filaments and microfibers
Low absorbency, fast drying, prone to static
Naturally breathable
Subdued lustre, smooth, very soft handle with elegant drape
Low warmth, dyes well
More elastic than viscose but creases easily
Thermoplastic, sensitive to dry heat
Biodegradable and recyclable
Inexpensive to produce
End uses include, silk type fabrics for eveningwear etc, microfiber performance
fabrics and embroidery yarns, ribbons and trimmings
Typically blended with…read more

Comments

Lucy

Thank you so much for posting these revision sheets! It is so hard to find decent help for textiles exam revision so this is of some great help :) 

Clara Brown

You should say in the title its AS level not A level

Katie Winter-Wright

Thanks this is amazing!

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