Textiles A Level Revision Booklet Complete revision

covers the majority of the A level exam spec,

includes:

fibres, natural, synthetic and micro

yarns

blends

woven fabrics

knitted fabrics

non-woven

modern and smart materials

polymers

finishes

nanomaterials and intergrated components

decorative techniques

fastenings, components, CAD/CAM

production methods

seams

british standards, health and safety

product maintanance

All the information is in full detail and from a variety of books and web resources, (including GCSE bitesize as it covers some information in easy detail) most of the information is from my notes, and textiles at the cutting edge

I hope you enjoy! as there is virtually nothing else out there for A-level textile students!

:)

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall




Warmth Absorbency Comfort Handle and Strength Elasticity Aftercare
(comfort) (comfort) (comfort) drape (functional) (functional) (functional)
(aesthetics)

Natural fibres

Wool Warm to Slow, can Fine wool, Very soft or Medium Very good. Wash and
wear. absorb 31 its very coarse strength, not Creases iron with care,…

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall










Fibres
Fibres are the basis for all textiles. You need to know the difference between natural and
synthetic fibres, how each fibre is used, and which fibres can be combined together.

Textile materials are made in three stages:

1. spinning: fibres are spun into yarns…

Page 3

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall


durable, crease resistant, stretchy (more comfortable) and is easy care. It has low
warmth and is absorbent.

Tencel is a 'natural' microfiber made from cellulose derived from woodpulp. It is
used for shirts and jeans. It has soft handle, good drape, is breathable, durable,
creaseresistant,…

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision















Linen:

Natural cellulose from the stem of the flax plant
Produced as staple fibres
Strong, durable, long lasting, smooth surface, good drape
Highly absorbent, fast drying, fresh and cool to wear
Nonstatic because it always contains some moisture
Crisp, firm handle, stiffer and harder than…

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall


















Wool:

Wool from the fleece of a sheep
Produced as staple fibres
Hydrophilic ­ can absorb 13 of its weight in water without feeling wet
Naturally breathable, rapidly absorbs moisture vapour
Hydrophobic ­ repels raindrops
Mostly nonstatic because if always contains some moisture
Very soft…

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision



















Cashmere:

The fine under hair of the Kel goat from India, Mongolia and Iran, shorn once a year
Produced as staple fibres
One goat produces 200250 grams per year (just enough for a scarf!)
Two goats produce enough yarn for a 1ply sweater
It takes…

Page 7

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision

Expensive due to limited supply
Typically blended with wool, cotton and silk
Expensive worsted fabrics for suiting
Eveningwear
Scarves and knitwear













Cultivated Silk:

Silk fibres from the cocoon of the Mulberry silkworm
Produced as filaments up to 1km in length and as spun silk
Fine,…

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Manufactured Fibres

Natural Synthetic Inorganic
polymers polymers
Regenerate Viscose Polyvinyl Acrylic Carbon Carbon fibre
d cellulose modal
Cellulose Acetate Chlorofibre Polyvinyl glass Glass fibre
ester chloride
(PVC)
latex Rubber Polyurethane Elastane Metallic Metal fibres
Fluorofibre Teflon ceramic Ceramic
fibres
Polyamide Nylon
polyester polyester


Viscose:

Natural…

Page 9

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Textiles As Revision Jess Marshall


Synthetic resin treatment ­ to reduce creasing and shrinkage although absorbency is
reduced
Wide range of finishes can be applied ­ such as textures and crimps
Typically blended with cotton, linen, wool, polyester and Elastane
Filament viscose produces lustrous and crepe fabrics
Staple viscose produces…

Page 10

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Jess Marshall
Textiles As Revision

Acetate:

Cotton cellulose and acetic acid
95% of the acetic acid can be recycled
Produced as filaments and microfibers
Low absorbency, fast drying, prone to static
Naturally breathable
Subdued lustre, smooth, very soft handle with elegant drape
Low warmth, dyes well
More elastic than viscose…

Comments

Lucy

Thank you so much for posting these revision sheets! It is so hard to find decent help for textiles exam revision so this is of some great help :) 

Clara Brown

You should say in the title its AS level not A level

Katie Winter-Wright

Thanks this is amazing!

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