Textiles Revision

COTTON

Used for making jeans, T-shirts and towels and has the following qualities:

  • cool to wear
  • very absorbent, dries slowly
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • durable
  • creases easily
  • can be washed and ironed
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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 09-01-13 11:33

Cotton

Natural plant fibres (cellulose)

 

Used for making jeans, T-shirts and towels and has the following qualities:

  • cool to wear
  • very absorbent, dries slowly
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • durable
  • creases easily
  • can be washed and ironed
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Linen

Natural Plant Fibre (cellulose)

Used for summer clothing, tea towels and tablecloths and has the following qualities:

  • fresh and cool to wear
  • very absorbent, dries quickly
  • stiffer handle
  • good drape
  • durable
  • creases badly
  • can be washed and ironed
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wool

Natural animal fibre (protein)

Used for jumpers, suits and blankets and has the following qualities:

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent, dries slowly
  • breathable, repels rain
  • soft or coarse handle
  • can shrink, should be dry cleaned
  • good drape
  • not durable
  • creases drop out
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silk

Natural animal fibre (protein)

Used for evening wear and ties and has the following qualities:

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent
  • soft handle
  • good lustre and drape
  • durable
  • creases drop out
  • dry clean
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viscose

Synthetic fibres

A regenerated fibre from natural polymer materials like cellulose. It is used for shirts, dresses and linings and has the following qualities:

  • low warmth
  • absorbent, dries slowly
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • not durable
  • creases easily
  • can be washed and ironed
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acrylic

synthetic fibres

Used for jumpers, fleece jackets and blankets and has the following qualities:

  • warm to wear
  • non-absorbent, dries quickly
  • stiffer handle, like wool
  • good drape
  • durable
  • crease resistant
  • easy care
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nylon(Tactel)

Used for active sportswear, fleece jackets, socks and seat belts and has the following qualities:

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent, dries slowly
  • breathable, repels rain
  • soft or coarse handle
  • can shrink, should be dry cleaned
  • good drape
  • durable
  • creases drop out
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polyester

Used for raincoats, fleece jackets, children's nightwear, medical textiles and working clothes and has the following qualities:

  • low warmth
  • non-absorbent, dries quickly
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • very durable
  • crease resistant
  • easy care
  • can be recycled
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Modern fibres

 

Thermoplastic polyester or nylon microfibres can be heat-treated to give them coils, crimps and loops, which makes these textured yarns stretchy and warm. They are used for underwear, sportswear, knitwear and carpets.

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fibre blends

Blending different fibres together produces yarns that have the combined properties of each component fibre. Using fibre blends improves the appearance, performance, comfort and aftercare of fabric. Blending can also reduce the cost of an expensive fibre.

  • Polyester/cotton blend: shirts are more easy-care and crease-resistant than shirts made from 100 percent cotton.
  • Cotton/lycra blend: jeans are more comfortable, stretchy and fit better than cotton jeans.
  • Acrylic/wool blend: trousers are less expensive than 100 percent wool trousers.
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modern microfibres

  • Elastane (Lycra) is always used in a blend with other fibres. It is used to make sportswear, body-hugging clothes and bandages. It has good handle and drape, is durable, crease resistant, stretchy (more comfortable) and is easy care. It has low warmth and is absorbent.
  • Tencel is a 'natural' microfibre made from cellulose derived from wood-pulp. It is used for shirts and jeans. It has soft handle, good drape, is breathable, durable, crease-resistant, easy-care and biodegradable. It is absorbent and has low warmth.
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