Why is marriage decreasing
- Changing attitudes: there is less pressure to marry and more freedom for individuals to choose their type of relationship. The belief that quality of relationship is more important than legal status is on the rise.
- Secularisation: influence of religion is declining so people feel freer to choose not to marry.
- Declining Stigma: single life, cohabitation and having children outside marriage are now more acceptable.
- Changes in position of women: women have better educational and career prospects. Women are less economically dependent on men.
- Fear of divorce: rising divorce rates scare people off.
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For and against marriage
- Abuse in general and of children is less in stable marriages then step.
- Lower mortality rates
- Someone to look after you.
- Children living with marreid parents are known to do better achievement wise and have better emtional condition.
- Married, working men work harder.
- UNREAL EXPECTATIONS
- NO SEXUAL FREEDOM
- CHANGING SOCIETY
- MARRIAGE IS JUST A PIECE OF PAPER
- ACCEPTABLE TO HAVE KIDS OUTSIDE OF MARRIAGE AND TO COHABITATE/LIVE ALONE.
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Why is divorce increasing?
- Declinging stigma and changing attitudes: there is no longer a stigma attached to divorce, it is now a lot more common and socialy acceptable, people are more willing to resort to it.
- Secularisation: it is less frowned upon, the influence of religion is declining and there is less expectation from religion.
- Rising expectation of marriage: costs a lot, people marry for love now rather than money and expectations may be too high, less acceptance.
- Changing position of women: improvements in education, work and economical position = less financially dependent. Now freer to end unsatisfactory marriage and are more independent.
- Changes in law: equalising grounds for divorce between sexes (1923), Divorce Law Reform Act makes it easier to obtain 'irretrievable breakdown', don't have to blame anyone for it (1969) and it is now cheaper.
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