Themes: death, violence, love, hate
Structure: monologue from miss havisham, a character from Charles Dickens' Great Expectations. enjambment to vary the pace of the poem, emphasising the changing emotions.
- 'Beloved sweetheart *******'- oxymoron showing her confused emotions to the man that left her, she loves him but hates him for what he did to her. the alliteration helps the reader to link the two very different words together.
- 'Dark green pebbles for eyes'- this metaphor shows the jealousy she has and comparing this emotion to green pebbles allows the reader to understand this.
- powerful- the uncertain words 'loves hate' shows us the characters confusion.
- passionate- the sexual fantasy reveals the love she lost and how she hasn't recovered.
Elvis's twin sister
Themes: jealousy, fame, family
Structure: verses recall the shape of a prayer or a chant which can represent the sister and the nuns, or elvis's rock and roll chants. the occasional rhyme gives harmony to the sound of the poem.
- subtitles- contains two subtitles one from a 1961 hit Elvis song, and one from madonna. This helps the reader to understand the characteristics that this made up 'twin sister' has. she is cheerful and very unlike madonna.
- the language asks the audience which twin has the better life.
Themes: love, rememberence, death
- The bed Anne inherited from Shakespeare is the base for the 14 line poem.
- Written in sonnet form to link with Shakespeare and to act as a tribute.
- Written in iambic pentameter which means the sylablles in each line add up to 10. this is the closet form of poetry to natural speech. this allows the reader to relate and it gives the poem a voice.
- Enjambment- gives a conversational tone to the poem, making the poem more personal allowing the reader to relate to the narrator and their feelings.
- Alliteration- helps us rememer the feelings of the narrator. The use of the letter 'I' slows down the poem and gives it a warm and loving tone.
Themes: death, violence
Structure: 4 sections of free verse. over used rhyme to add a nursury rhyme tone to a very black humoured poem.
- the use of christs disiples names in likes 14 and 15 extend the knowledge of the bible with the poem to make the reader think about the links.
- the evil language used contrasts with the rhyming scheme to add a lighter tone to an evil poem.
Before you were mine
Themes: generation gaps
- Four equal stanzas may help the reader to visualise photographs the daughter could be looking at.
- It could also represent the standard lengths of time, as the writer continues to repeat that it is ten years later.
- Refrence to glamour. mother is likened to Marylin Monroe.
- Contrast of the mothers teenage years to the mother now, she feels guilty for ruining the fun life she used to lead. Although the reader knows it was the mothers choice, not hers.
Themes: crime, mystery
- five equal stanzas with no line regularity. some use of enjembment to give the reader the impression that the speaker is rambling their thoughts out.
- Internal rhyme 'slice of ice' shows the internal workings of the theifs brain.
- 'you don't understand a word i'm saying, do you?' this directly involves the reader instead of being free speech as in the rest of the poem. This keeps the reader engaged.
- Language is negative, although the writer seems proud of what he/she has done.
Thoughts: Speakers gender? adds mystery.
Mother any distance
Themes: Parent child relationships, genaration gaps
- Enjambment gives the poem a conversationsal theme, allowing the reader to consider the emotions of Armitage.
- Rhyme all the way through gives the poem a loving tone.
- 'Up the stairs' shows that he is going on to bigger and better things in his life.
- Before you were mine
- Song of the old mother
- My father thought it
My father thought it
Themes: generation gaps
- First 2 stanzas in past tense, last one brings it up to date in the present.
- irregular rhymes emphasize key words.
- Powerful verbs may show the aggresive nature of his father.
- Alliteration highlights pain and shows the weakening relationship that he has with his father.
- 'If i were you, i'd take it out and leave it out next year.' italics shows speech, could be imagining what his father would say or telling himself that he needs to grow up.
Themes: generation gaps, family
- 4 stanzas with different topics. The two main topics are brought together in the final stanza.
- The lines are irregular which could represent how relationships can be awkward.
- 'Think, two things on their owwn and both at once' This is armitage instructing us on how to read the poem. He does not refer to this comparision again untill the last two lines.
Themes: death, genaration gaps
- enjambment shows the muddled up thoughts.
- The last 2 sentences are separated to ring it all together. The poem can be summed up in these lines.