Key words: Mental preparation for physical activity

key words and points of goal setting section in PE

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intro- Goal setting

PERCEPTION: A cognitive process that inteprets sensory input from the enviroment.

PERFORMANCE: The level of competence demonstated during a activity/task.

PARTICIPATION: Commitment and engagement in an activity.

PERSISTENCE:To sustain commitment even when difficulties or failures are encountered.

The PERCEPTION formed by an individual on their own ability to succeed during PERFORMANCE is a major factor that determines PARTICIPATION and PERSISTENCE in a task. Self esteem is enhanced by positive self perception and in turn would encourage a person to commit to a healthy lifestyle.

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Time and Activity Based Goals


  • Long term goals (L.T.) - A goal that is achieved over a long period of time usually an ultimate goal. E.G Being selected for a county team.
  • Medium term goals (M.T) - Goals made suring short term sequence, to link short and long term goals. 
  • Short term goals (S.T) -  get progressively harder anmd make long term goals more managble to achieve and are less daunting.


  • Performance goal: A judgemnt based on previous performances. An athlete may want to achieve a PB. 
  • Process Goals: Involves improving techniques to produce a better performance. 
  • Product goal: Is the focus on outcome, and defeating the opponent; a externally controlled.
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Evaluating goal setting

Key term

EXRCISE ADHERENCE: Adopting an exercise regime and persisting with the activities.

Positives of goal setting: 

  • Help to progress from short to long term aims.
  • Keep motivation up to continue training
  • achieving a goal creates self esteem.
  • good indicators of training dedication


  • If not agrreed with coach benefits won't be met.
  • If they're too easy of too hard motivation won't be maintained.
  • alll goals have to be used to get maximum benefit. 
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