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Factors that affect it

  • Past experiances
  • Audience
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Pressure
  • Motivation
  • Mental rehursal
  • Arousal
  • Warm up
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Relates to a persons perception of their standard of ability in particualr activities/situations


1) Performance Acomplishment- performer who experiances learned helplessness or a loss of confidence should be reminded of previous success in related skill or situation

2) Viscarious experiances- the person lacking on confidence watches other of equal ability perform the problematic skill successfully

3) Vebal persuation- Positivie communication convinces the athlete that they can perform well

4) Control of arousal- Evaluates internal feeling and physiological state

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Objective Sport Situation (penalty in football)

Trait Sport Confidence (all situations)                         Competitive Oreintation (desire to succeed)

State Sports Confidence (confidence in that situation)

Behavioural Responses (Performance)

Subjective Outcome (how you see that outcome/ percieve)

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Key Terms

Trait sports confdence= stable, innate, reflected in all situations

State sports confidence= unstable, changeable, developed through learning

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How to improve (Vealey)

  • Social reinforcement- Praise and approval by significant others, particulary in context of strong team cohesion
  • Physical/ mental preparations- increase the likelihood of a successful pperformance
  • Styling- Confidence will increase if athlete can demonstrate highly-skilled performance to significant others
  • Mastery of skill- when skill has been acquired and performer percieves that progress has been made
  • Enviromental comfort- People who lack self-confidenc will be helped if the working conditions are suitable. (eg. a novice shouldn't be observed when learning new skill)
  • Effective leadership- Promotes confidence in team members
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