Information Systems: Uses Of ICT In Business And Education

Cards on the topic of uses of ICT in business and education.

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Computer-aided design (CAD) software allows a user to draw accurate plans and designs.

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) systems produce objects using computer-controlled machines.

The output from a CAD system may be input to control a CAM process.

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Features of CAD/CAM packages:

  • Zoom
  • 3D images
  • Rotation
  • Hatching or rendering
  • Wire drawings
  • Costings
  • Calculation of stresses and strains
  • Walk-through
  • Clip-art
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CAD packages require a computer with:

  • High processor speed
  • Large main memory (RAM)
  • Graphics card
  • Graphics tablet
  • High-resolution large screen
  • Plotter
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Examples of use of CAD:

  • Product design
  • Garden design
  • House design
  • Fashion design
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Electronic point-of-sale (EPOS) tills are set up to identify goods, look up prices and produce an itemised bill for the customer.

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Data Entry

Data is entered using a range of devices, including:

  • Hand-held barcode reader
  • Laser flatbed scanner
  • Keypad
  • Electronic scales
  • Smart-card reader
  • Magnetic-strip reader
  • Self-scan device
  • Shelf-edge computers
  • Touch screen
  • Automatic till

Products are then identified using a unique barcode. The barcode represents a number.

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Stock control is carried out automatically as EPOS tills are linked by LAN to the store's file server.

Just-in-time control systems allow fewer items of stock to be held at the shop, thus reducing storage and stock costs.

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Customers can be issued with loyalty cards that provide them with discounts based on previous purchases made.

Online shopping allows customers to purchase goods 24 hours a day.

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In education, ICT supports the Internet and encyclopedia CD-ROMs are used for research purposes.

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CAL (computer-assisted learning) refers to a range of computer packages that allow a student to study using a computer system.

Authorising software allows the rapid creation of tageted CAL packages.

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CBT (computer based trainingg) refers to the use of simulation to teach a skill.

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Distance Learning

Distance learning allows learners to follow coursesremotely- the courses may not be available locally. It can include:

  • Video conferencing, which allows a learner to join a class remotely
  • Online learning, which involves using learnin materils over the Internet at a time and place that suits the learner
  • Discussion with a tutor or other course members using chat rooms
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Learning Supports

Revision programmes are available to students to help support their learning.

Interactive whiteboards are frequently used in classrooms.

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ICT plays a major role in educational administration.

Computer-based student registration uses a variety of methods:

  • OMR forms
  • Student swipe cards
  • Wireless networks with hand-held registration folders
  • Classroom computers linked to LAN
  • Student identification using retina or fingertip scanning

ICT is used in student record keeping.

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