History Unit 3a, Key Topic 1: The Liberals, votes for women and social reform

The key points from Key Topic 1 of Unit 3a from the Edexcel Exam Board.

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A Woman's Place

  • Towards the start of the 20th century, women were unable to vote.
  • Most people, including some women, believed that a woman's place was at home looking after her children and supporting her husband.
  • In 1911, only 10% of married women were in employment!
  • Womens lives had began a massive change including education and job prospects, so some women believed it was time for change.
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The Women's Societies (WSPU)

  • In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst (who was highly respected in the Manchester branch of the NUWSS) created the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) which at first was supported by the NUWSS.
  • The WSPU decided to use millitant action in order to win suffrage such as in 1905 Sylvia Pankhurst spat and struck a policeman at a liberal party meeting.
  • The Daily Mail nicknamed the WSPU Suffragettes.
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