HISTORY A: THE MAKING OF THE MODERN WORLD, UNIT 3A WAR AND TRANSFORMATION OF BRITISH SOCIETY

HISTORY A: THE MAKING OF THE MODERN WORLD, UNIT 3A WAR AND TRANSFORMATION OF BRITISH SOCIETY C. 1903-28

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Zara Yousaf
History A: The Making of the Modern world
Unit 3A: War and the transformation of British society c.1903-28
Key topic 1: The liberals, votes for Women and social reform
A woman's place:
At the beginning of the twentieth century women were not given the right to vote in the
general elections and because they were unable to elect who they thought was a good
MP, they had to rely on all male parliament to take into consideration their interests aswell
as matters on national and international matters.
Many men and women, believed that a woman's righttful place was at home, looking after
the children and the husband, and they believed that women were not intelligent enough or
were too emotional to be involved in the important matters of politics and business.
Some single girls might have had a job as a working maid, but married women weren't
expected to work and in 1911, only 10% of married women were in employment.
But by the beginning of the twentieth century attitudes toward women wee changing as:
· More girls schools were opening
· Women were beginning to go to university
· Some women were becoming doctors etc.
· Women could also vote in local elections
The women's societies:
At the end of the nineteenth century, women had began to campaign to persuade men that
they should have the vote. These women were split into two groups. Suffragists and
suffragettes.
During this time, normal women on the streets didn't have anytime or the education to
organise any political campaigns so most of the campaigners were usually middle or upper
class. One of these women was Millicent fawcett, who had married Henry fawcett, a liberal
MP and in 1897, she bought the campaigning groups together in the National Union of
Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
The organisation of suffragist was determined to win the vote by peaceful and legal
means. Suffragists encouraged lots of men to join and help campaign to win over enough
MP's to support their cause these women thought that it was wrong for women to oppose
votes for women and would realise this, if women put their arguments accross in a
peaceful and sensible manner.
The suffragists went along with this idea and trained women to:
· Speak at public meetings
· Produce pamphlets and newspapers
· Support candidates in elections who's ere in favour of women's suffrage
The suffragists were very successful in their campaign to publicise their cause, but some
women were angered by the amount of time it was taking to win the argumentand wanted
to take more drastic action to speed up the process.

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In 1903, Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst, a leading member of the manchester branch of
NUWSS, decided that it was time to take extreme action so with her daughters Sylvia and
Christabel, she founded the Women's social and Political Union (WSPU). This organisation
believed in 'deeds not words' and was determined to do anything that they needed to do to
publicise their cause.
When the WSPU was founded, they supported by the NUWSS, but due to the militant
actions of the WSPU, the NUWSS withdrew its support.…read more

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Reactions to suffragettes:
Even though alot of people were sympathetic towards theaim of the women in regards to
the vote, some people were still against it. There were organisation's formed such as the
Men's League for Opposing Women's Suffrage and the National League for Opposing
Women's Suffrage to oppose what the suffragists and suffragettes were trying to do.…read more

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In 1906, the liberal party won a landslide (overwhelming) victory and were determined to
make changes that would lead to mprovements to the living and working conditions of the
people.…read more

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It was now illegal to sell alcohol, tobacco or fireworks to children under the age of 16.
· Working hours for children were limited and they were banned from some types of
unsuitable work.
· The children and young persons act of 1908 made children 'protected persons' and
parents cold be persecuted for neglecting their children and it was no longer legal to
ensure a child's life.…read more

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These reforms were really important a that period in time because the government were
not only dealing with just the effects of poverty, but they were also trying to help people so
that they could avoid getting poor in the first place.
Key topic 2: The part played by the British on the Western Front
The British Expeditionary Force 1914:
On the 3 August 1914, the rivalries between Germany and Britain over trade, colonies and
military power finally resulted in war.…read more

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Western Front.p and for four years, German and allied forces
clashed on this Front,yet neither side really gained much and just lost millions of soldiers
who were trying to make a difference.…read more

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Maybe the most significant development of the war was the tank, and even though at first
the idea was rejected, in 1916, when the British used this against the Germans, in the
battle of Somme, they got really scared, but the problem is that they were slow and
unreliable and usually broke down in the mud.
The Somme:
In July 1916, the British launched a major attack on the Germans near the river Somme.…read more

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Also illegal to harm the governments attempts to recruit new soldiers
The government was also given the power to force people to stay in their jobs which were
an important contribution to the war efforts.…read more

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Rationing:
Even though the most of the ww1 battle was on the western front, the war at sea was also
quite important.…read more

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