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SOCIETY 1903-28
EDITION…read more

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Better-paid jobs than the generation before them
· Better job opportunities (teachers, shop workers, clerks, secretaries)
· Higher status
· Greater opportunities in education-a few-middle class women won the
chance to go to university e.g. to become doctors
· 1900-could vote in local elections & take part in local governments as
· They could also vote in elections for Poor Law Guardians (PLGs) & school
· 1914- 1,500 women serving as PLGs
· Also active in national politics
· Labour Party-Women's Labour League
· Conservative Party-Primrose League
· Liberals-Women's Liberal Federation
· Female activists shared the organisation of election campaigns & often
spoke on same platforms as men in elections
· Working-class women were also heavily involved in trade union activities
· 1914- 20% of all female workers in unions-similar rate to male workers…read more

Slide 3

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1) Parliament's decisions affect both men & women. So 1) Men & women have different interests & responsibilities.
women should be able to vote for the MPs who pass those Women are home-makers & mothers. It's the role of men to
laws debate & take difficult decisions
2) It's mainly middle-class women campaigning for the vote.
2) There are many single women & widows who bear the
They will have little interest in laws to help ordinary working
same responsibilities as men
3) Women are the spiritual spine of the nation-they are the
3) Women aren't rational. They're too emotional to be
churchgoers. Give women the vote if you want MPs to show
trusted with the vote
Christian leadership
4) Women have increasing opportunities in education & 4) Women are pure & should be protected from the
work-the vote should come next grubby world of politics
5) Women have special skills & expertise. They can help 5) Giving respectable women the vote will also encourage
Parliament make better laws on issues such as education & them to develop their careers & neglect their family duties.
the home where they are specialists Only the undesirable classes will have children
6) Giving the vote to women will mean giving it to all
6) Women pay taxes just like men
men-including layabouts & riffraff
7) Women should be able to influence MPs on how that 7) Why worry about the vote? There are much more
money is spent pressing concerns such as Ireland & the trade unions
8) Women can already vote in local elections. They serve on local
8) Women don't fight in wars for their country. So they
government bodies, such as education committees & Poor Law
boards. They've shown that they're able & can be trusted with a vote should not have a say whether the country should go to war
9) Many uneducated working men can vote while well-
educated, `respectable' women can't…read more

Slide 4

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Queen Victoria was a massive
opponent of female suffrage
"With the vote, women would become the
most hateful, heartless and disgusting of
human beings. Where would be the
protection which man was intended to give
to the weaker sex?"
­Queen Victoria commenting on female suffrage…read more

Slide 5

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· Suffragettes=violent WOMENS SUFFRAGE
mainly (though not all) middle-class women
the early campaigners for suffrage
MP John Stuart Hill-suggested Votes for Women in 1867->73 MPs supported it
leading to large numbers of women suffrage formed
Suffrage groups came together in 1897
National Unions of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
over 500 local branches
1902-campaign gained support of working class women
1901-02, Eva Gore-Booth got 67,000 textile workers' signatures in Northern England for
a petition to Parliament
Leader=Millicent Fawcett
believed in constitutional campaigning
argued case with MPs, issued leaflets, presented petitions, organised meetings
Thought it was crucial to keep issue in the public eye;at every election, suffragists
questioned candidates on their attitudes to women suffrage.
talked of suffragist movement being like a glacier-slow but unstoppable
By 1900-gained support of many Liberal MPs and some leading Conservative MPs & the
new but small Labour party
·Lack of success frustrated some suffragists
·1903-Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst founded the Women's Social and Political Unions (WSPU)
thought the movement had to become more militant and radical in order to succeed
·Called the radicals `suffragettes' by The Daily Mail
·Disrupted political meetings & harassed ministers
Liberal PM Asquith was firmly opposed to the campaign, came in for particularly
heavy abuse…read more

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Backbench Liberal MPs supported the movement but the
Liberal leaders were opposed to it. This was because they
feared that, if only better-off, property owning women got
the vote, these women would vote for their arch rivals, the
Conservative party
· On the other hand, some Conservative leaders, liking the
prospect of more Conservative voters, were quite keen on
women's suffrage. But they took no action because their
backbench MPs were completely opposed, on principle, to
changing the role of women
· In addition, both parties had bigger worries than female
· Neither party was prepared to adopt female suffrage as party
policy, so it never got priority in Parliament. It was left up to
individual MPs to introduce private bills, which were never
allowed the time they needed to get through.
· In the years up to 1900, 15 times Parliament received a bill to
give women the vote; 15 times it failed…read more

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A really good Powerpoint with everything u need

Thank you 

shalini selva


I see you've got some of the information from the 'OCR Modern World History Textbook', by Ben Walsh

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