History (Medicine)

medicine through time 

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Erlich

-German Reasearcher

-Joined Koch's research team in 1889

- Realised the body produced antibodies as a magic bullet against certain diseases

- worked on syphilis germ (STD)

-found that Salverson 606 killed the germ

-people opposed to it as they thought it would lead to more people to become sexually promiscous now that there was a cure for it

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1905 

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Landsteiner

Austrain doctor

Discovered Blood groups

His discovery meant that blood loss could now be combated and people with blood disorderscould be treated

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                  1901

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Fleming

Discovered Penicillin

Although he didn't develop it in a form humans could take

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               1928

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Florey & Chain

Succeeded in making pure Penecillin  

Made Penecillin in a form humans coul take 

Visited USA to persuade American firms to invest in mass-production of penecillin

Developed freeze-drying technique to grow the mould

 


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1941

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Bevan 

Minister of health for labour party in 1945 

Masterminded the NHS to provide free health services for everyone

Based on beveridges report in 1942

Began in 1948 

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1948

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Beveridge 

Civil servant

Wrote the Beveridge Report that recommended that governments should provide a welfare state

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1942

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Crick & Watson 

Discovered the structure of DNA

Proved that a blue print was present in every cell 


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1953

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Franklin 

Part of Crick & Watson's team 

Developed a technique to photograph a single strand of DNA 

First person to take x-ray photos of DNA.

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1952

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Rontegen 

Discovered x-rays

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1895

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Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson 

First female to qualify as a doctor in Britain

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1865

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Florence Nightingale

Nurse

Helped to improve conditions in hospitals

Remebered for her work as a nurse in the crimean war

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1854

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Barnard

South-African surgeon

Carried out first heart transplant

IN USA

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1967

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