Haiti Earthquake Case Study for OCR B June 2012 Exam

All the information you need to know about this Earthquake for the Key Themes Geography 2012 Exam.

HideShow resource information


·It took place on the 12th January 2010.

·The population of Port au Prince is 3 million, most live in slum conditions.

·66% of the population earn less than £1 per day.

·56% of the population are classed as extremely poor.

·In 2008, 1000 people were killed and 1 million made homeless due to a severe Hurricane.

·There have been no major Earthquakes there for 200 years.

·The government is very unstable and troops patrol the streets.

·Most of the people are uneducated and work in informal jobs.

·Haiti found it difficult to recover from the 2008 Hurricane.

·Large families of up to 15 live in cramped condition in the poorest parts.

·2 million people live in the most affected areas of the earthquake.

1 of 4


·The focus was 113 miles from the Caribbean and North American Plate Boundaries.

·Very little money is spent on improving infrastructure.

·It is on a Transform plate boundary.

·Most houses are self built with no foundations or height restrictions, many on hillsides.

·It scored 7.0 on the Richter Scale.

·The Epicentre was 15km from Port au Prince the capitol.

·The focus was 13 miles deep.

·Thousands of people moved into Port au Prince after the Hurricane.

·It is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

·They cannot afford to rebuild the city.

2 of 4


·220 000 died due to high population density and bad infrastructure.

·Over 180 000 homes damaged or destroyed.

·1.5 million forced to live in camps.

·There are about 1000 camps each home to over 5000.

·600 000 have had to leave their homes.

·500 000 schools damaged or destroyed.

·Thousands of farms destroyed so a national food shortage.

·The poorest are forced to eat mud cakes.

·The government is now the most corrupt on earth.

3 of 4

Human Response:

Short Term:

·Water, food, shelter given to survivors.

Aid from MEDC’s

·Emergency services, and Search & Rescue teams with sniffer dogs to find survivors.

4 of 4


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »