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Slide 1

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ELO 1-
T N…read more

Slide 2

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The level of development is different for different countries, it is
hard to measure because it can include so many factors, but
you can use the `development indicator'
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)- The total value of good and
services a country produces in a year. Often given in US
GDP per capita- GDP divided by the total population (also
called GDP per head)
Birth rate- the number of live babies born per thousand of the
population per year
Death Rate- the number of deaths per thousand of the
population per year
Infant Mortality Rate- The number of babies who dies under 1
year old, per thousand babies born…read more

Slide 3

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People per Doctor- The average number of people for each
Literacy Rate- The percentage of adults who can read and
Access to safe water- The percentage of people that can get
clean water
Life Expectancy- The average age a person can expect to die
Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI)- The number that's
calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate and infant
Calorie Intake- The average number of calories eaten per
Human Development Index (HDI)- a number that's
calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate, education
level (e.g. Degree) and income per head.…read more

Slide 4

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Development indicators have some disadvantage
1)Economic Indicators can be inaccurate for countries where
trade is informal (not taxed). They're also affected by
exchange rate changes
2) Social indicators are more difficult to measure but they
give a better indication of quality of life. Also, there aren't
any indicators for important social factors like human
3)The measures can be misleading when used on their own
because they are averages- they don't show up elite
groups in the population or variations within the county.
Using more than one measure or using the HDI or PQLI
(which combines loads of measures) avoids this problem.…read more

Slide 5

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The North-South
Although the global development picture is
complex a general distinction can be made
between the developed `North' and the
developing `South'. This idea was brought
up in the `Brandt Report'.…read more

Slide 6

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In the Past...
1) In the 1960's countries were classified as First World,
Second World or Third World
2) The First World countries were rich countries with lots
of manufacturing and services. They included the USA,
western Europe countries, Australia and Japan.
3) The Second world countries were communist countries
with lots of manufacturing, they included eastern
European countries, Russia and China
4) All the other countries were classified as Third World
5) Some people thought ranking countries like this was
disrespectful to countries labelled `Third World'.…read more

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