German citizens 1939-48

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  • Created by: Anna
  • Created on: 13-05-13 08:38

14 points

  • churches
  • education
  • family
  • Jews
  • jow movement
    opposition
  • propaganda
  • role of hitler
  • security/ policing
  • terror state
  • war economy
  • ww2
  • women
  • youth
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Churches

  • anti-Christian policy
  • hitler 'one is either o German or a Christian. Can't be both"
  • anti Catholic, intensified by 194
  • Catholics put pope before hitler
  • agreed hitler would not interfere with the Church if the pope didn't interfere with politics
  • priests harrassed and arrested
  • monasteries and Christian youth movement shut down
  • criticism of nazi policy would be sent to concentration camp
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Education

  • textbooks rewritten to give a good view of the nazis
  • teaching changed to indoctrinate pupils
  • all disasters blamed on Communists and Jewd
  • German teachers league
  • RE dropped and German, biology and history were most importanr
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Family

  • wanted to increase Birth rate (population policy)
  • Promoted motherhood and large families
  • Given money for birth of children
  • Medals awarded to women with large families
  • women forced to leave jobs and schoolgirls discouraged from higher education
  • 1937 policy changed as more men were joining the army so needed women to work
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Jews

  • attacks on Jews
  • kristallnach
  • concentration camps
  • forced emigration, Palestine, Britain and usa
  • radicalisation of nazi anti-semitism
  • holocaust
  • Radicalisation of Nazi anti-Semitism
  • Holocaust
  • Radicalisation of racial policies
  • Gypsies and other outsiders
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Joy movement

  • KDF strength through joy, set up to control the leisure time of workers
  • improve leisure time, sponsored a range of leisure and cultural trips
  • provided at low cost
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Opposition

  • dissent increased, eg Chrstians, youth
  • resistance to Nazi regime failed
  • communists
  • Students the White Rose grou
  • Conservative elites
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Propaganda

  • Goebbels minister of public enlightenment and propaganda
  • Glorify regime spread Nazi ideology and ideas win over people and integrate Nations diverse elements
  • Public Communications under state control
  • Radio
  • Press
  • Nazi rituals heil Hitler salute Horst Wessel & militaristic uniforms and public festivals
  • Censorship
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Role of Hitler

  • ein Volk, ein reich. Ein fuhrer
  • fuhrer power
  • Charismatic and dynamic leader
  • Lazy bad lifestyle
  • Decisive role in development of the third reich
  • Glorified during initial victories
    ? Personal authority remained until the end
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Security/policing

  • The police state
  • The SS state SS police system
  • Led by Himmler chief of all police
  • Intelligence gathering
  • policing by the gestapos (Brutality)
  • held third reich together
  • Security militarily economy
  • Brital, repressive and often arbitrary policies of the law enforcement
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Terror state

  • Unsafe to do or say anything critical of the government
  • Total political control on Germany and society
  • Powerful and political police
  • Atomised and defenceless population
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War economy

  • war economy decrees
  • Military expenditures doubled 1939 to 41
  • Food rationing in certain items
  • Labourforce rapidly mobilised for war
  • Low armament production
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World war 2

  • War with Britain USSR and USA
  • Rationalisation decree
  • Minister of armaments marked turning point
  • Women in arms factories
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Youth

  • Consolidation of the Nazi system
  • Indoctrination of the youth
  • Hitler Youth (youth organisation)
  • membership was compulsory
  • political indoctrination
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