Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow says self actualisation and esteem are the most important things to make you happy.
Rich and Poor
Why are some people rich and others poor?
- Luck/Chance - The family you're born into, lottery win etc.
- Family - Inheritance, background
- Society and Location
- Race and Gender
- Environmnet and People
- The average full - time salary in the UK - £26,500
- The top 25% of full - time workers - £33,000
- The top 10% of full - time workers - £50,500
- The top 5% of full - time workers - £68,500
- The top 1% of full - time wotkers - £156,000
The top 0.1% are:
- 90% male.
- 50% - 45 - 54 year group.
- 31% - London, 21% - South East England.
- 33% of these people are company directors.
- 30% work finance and 38% in general bussiness (includes law).
- The top 1% of wealthiest people in the UK hold 21% of the total wealth of the country.
- 300,000 teenagers in the UK are on benefits.
Poverty in the UK
- UK relative poverty line is measured as being under 60% of the average household income in the UK (£15,000).
- Absolute poverty is defined as someone living on less than 75p per day.
- The poverty trap is where an increase in income results in loss of benefits, meaning that the household are financially no better off.
Effects of Poverty - Education
- Children from poorer backgrounds lag at all stages of education.
- More than three quarters of 627 primary, secondary and college teachers in England, Wales and northern Ireland who responded to the survey belived they taught children living in poverty.
- More than 85% of the teachers who responded to the survey said they believed that poverty had a negative social impact on the well - being of students.
- 71% lack in confidence, 65% missed out on activites, 73% arrive hungry.
Effects of Poverty - Health
- Poverty is also associated with a higher risk of both illness and premature death.
- Children born in the poorest areas of the UK, weigh, on average 200g less at birth than those born in rich area's.
Effects of Poverty - Children
- There are 3.6 million living in poverty in the UK today.
- Families with children are more likely to be poor than people without one.
- In 2009/10, 53% of those living below the poverty line had children.
Effects of Poverty - Ethnic Groups
- Around two - fifths of people from ethnic minorities live in low income households, twice the rate for white people.
- For all ages, people from ethnic minorities are, on average, much more likely to live in low income households than white people.
- The poverty rate among ethnic minority groups in Britain is 40% as much for white people.
Christian Teachings & Beliefs
- 'No one can serve two masters. He will hate one and love the other. You cannot serve both God and money.'
- 'For it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God'.
- 'If your wealth is God - given show your thanks by giving 10% away'.
- 'Let he who is without sin cast the first stone'.
How Can Poverty Be Overcome? - Charities
Child Poverty Action Group
- Raise awareness of the causes, extent and impact of child poverty.
- Strategies to remove child poverty.
- Provide advice lines.
- Not doing enough ractical work to stop poverty.
- Only provide help for children, but what about adults?
- Aim towards government - so can do more.
How Can Poverty Be Overcome? - Counselling
Christians Against Poverty
- Get rid of people debt - personal.
- Come up with realistic plans to repay the debt.
- Provide advice and organise stratagies to payback debts.
- Getting rid of debt will benefit people in their future
How Can Poverty Be Overcome? - Training/Education
The Prince's Trust
- Designed for young people, 16 - 25 year olds, to get into work.
- Provides people with work expericne and qualifications.
- Gain many life skills and confidence.
- Gets people to experience a work day - for actual experience.
- Only help a certain age range.
- Prejudge and stereotyping towards young people from employers.
- Not a proper job - working paid
How Can Poverty Be Overcome? - Religious Organisat
- Offer support to help people become job ready, to get a job, and to stay in work.
- Help people furthest from unemployment or who have been unemployed for a long time.
- Provide short - term work experience - gain people confidence.
- If they don't get enough money, they cannot continue as a national charity, and not all can benefit.
- People cannot get work experience if they have been out of work for a long time.
Who is Responsible for Poverty? - The Individual
Do people in poverty need a ladder? Are they actually unable to help themselves?
(BSA, 2008 SURVEY)
Many people think there are people in need because:
- People are unlucky - 10%
- Reflects social injustice - 20%
- Laziness/lack of willpower - 27%
- Inevitable part of life - 34%
- No answer - 9%
Who is Responsible for Poverty? - Government
- The government makes cuts, young people frustrated.
- Young people have ambitions, but government keep making cuts.
- Government make cuts on youth places, young people unhappy as their oppurtunities are taken away.
- Riots happened,
- Argumentd for more oppurtunities.
Who is Responsible for Poverty? - Serendipity/Luck
- Unexpected redundance.
- Where you are born, what family you have, your background.
- Social mobility - will you stay as you are/your potential, e.g. the same as your parents, job affected by your background, OR will you get out and make something of yourself?
Who is Responsible for Poverty? - Family
Barnados report, more at risk:
- Lone parents
- Large families
- Parents or children with diabilities
- Black and minority ethnic groups
- Working families
Who is Responsible for Poverty? - God
- God not only allows poverty - he chose to be born in it. Born in a 'humble cave', as the least likely place man would look for their saviour.
- Not having pride.
- Poverty accomplishes several things: the act of being served and serving.
- Use free will to love, greed = poverty (because of inequality).
- God works to prevent poverty, just like he does with evil, but he wants our help.
Who is Responsible For poverty? - Society
- There are two major classes (working class, and owning class).
- Socierty is up up to benefit the 'owning classes' at the expense of the working classes.
- This is not fair and needs to be changed.
Example - part time work, do you receive the value of your work? (no...)
Do you think that society is responsible for poverty?
Are wages fair?
Wealth - Overall, things you have.
Wages - What you get.
- 1% of the wealthiest people in the UK hold 13% of the UK's wealth.
- The top 20% of people hold 63% of the UK's wealth.
- Since 1960's, inequality is on the rise. Poorer stayed the same, richer and more rich.
Solutions to inequality
- Tax the rich.
- Raise the minimum wage.
- Cap fat cat salaries (lower the maximum wage).
- Dodge taxes, companies would move elsewhere.
- Cause unemployment, poor motivation, costs increase.
- Why would I do this job attitude.
The national lottery began on the 19th November, 1994
Disadvanatges of playing the lottery:
- Little chance of winning
- There have been incidents where convicted criminals have won
Lottery money spent on:
- £4 million Livingston football club
- £750,000 gift to ex - wife
- £500,000 charities
- £200,000 wedding
- £2.5 million gifts to family
- £500,000 new home
- £500,000 spanish apartment
- £500,000 cars
- £250,000 holidays
- £150,000 jewellery for wife
Wages in the UK should be fairer?
- Not equal, just fairer
- What impact do you make on others?
Christian Teachings & Beliefs
- If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treaure in heaven'.
- 'Love of money is the root of all evil'.
- 'Love your neighbour as you love yourself'.
- 'Look to the ant you sluggard; consider its ways & be wise'.
- Tithe - Be grateful and guve what you earn to the less fortunate. Show you care for others and are generous
From every £1.00, 28p goes to a 'good cause'.
- Arts - 16.67%
- Heritage - 16.67%
- Sport - 16.67%
- Health, education, environment, charitable - 50%
Large grants have been given to:
- The Royal Opera
- British Museum