GCSE AQA Geog A - Population

Here are some of my notes on revison cards, hope they help :)

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Factors affecting populations growth

  • Agricultrual change
  • Urbanisation
  • Education
  • Status of women
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Implications of Rapid population growth

Social

  • Services cannot cope
  • Food and housing shortages

Economic

  • Unemployment
  • Increased poverty

Political

  • Fewer older people - less pensions
  • Government focuses on policies for younger people - majority of population is young
  • Policies to control growth needed
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Problems of an ageing population

Issue 1 - Healthcare

  • Demand increasing
  • More GP/hospital visits
  • Need to find funding

Issue 2 - Social Services

  • Need other services such as nursing homes
  • Finanical pressure on the country
  • Need more unpaid workers
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Problems an ageing population

Issue 3 - Pension

  • HIgher life expectancy
  • People expect pensions
  • Elderly people increasing, working population decreaisng so increased taxes

Issue 4 - Econmony 

  • Less money spent on things that will help the ecomony grow, such as businesses
  • More money spent on things that won't benfit the economy such as retirement homes
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Government Strategies to cope with an ageing popul

  • Increase retirement age
  • Employment of older people
  • Raise taxtes for working populations

To solve plunging birth rates:

  • Give incentives to young couples to have more children
  • Encourage immigration of young people
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Migration

Push factors:

  • Unemployment
  • Lack of services
  • Poor safety and security
  • High crime rates
  • Crop failure
  • Drought/flood, poverty, war

Pull Factors:

  • Employment
  • Better services
  • Safer atmosphere
  • Polictical security
  • Low crime rates
  • Less risk or natural hazards
  • Fertile land
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Migration - Advantages

To receiving country:

  • Migrants bring skills and labour
  • Motivated workforce
  • Pay taxes
  • Cultural mixing

To source regions:

  • Money sent home - improves standard of living
  • Improved spoken english - helps to get a better job 
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Migration - Disadvantages

To receiving country:

  • Money leaves country
  • Pressure on schools/facilities
  • Conflict with locals
  • Unemployment for others

To source regions:

  • Family members left behind
  • Skilled people missed 
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