Traditional nuclear family is under threat because of conctraception, sex education, working mothers, divorce, lone parents etc.
Tax and Welfare policies aimed at heterosexual married couples have discouraged cohabited and one-parent families
Familial ideology is patriarchal; benefits men as 'real woman' leave their job to bring up children.
Gender role socialization - girls are taught from an early age that motherhood is the ultimate goal
Barrett and McIntosh
Familial ideology is antisocial as it promotes nuclear family and dismisses other family structures; one-parent families are seen as cause of social problems