Ethics - Theleological

Design Arguement

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Thomas Aquina - Arrow theory


He saw the pverall order in the world as proof of a designer.

he explained that by using an example of an arrow, saying that the arrow to reach its destination it must be directed first of all by an archer. In the same way 'natural bodies' seem to act in a regular fashion to reach a specific purpose. As they like the arrow, are not able to direct themselves, there must be a God doing the directing.

Arguement for design.

Mainly interested in proving that God put the design there.

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William Paley - Watch theory

uses the analogy of the watchmaker to explain his arguement.

He asks you to imagine a man walking across a heath. the man comes across a stone and a pocket watch and analyses both. His inspection of the stone leads him to conclude that it it could have been there forever; there is nothing about the stone that leads the man to believe it lies on the heath for a particular reason.

Imagine if he were to inspect the pocket watch in the same way. Paley concluded that the man would not be able to make the same claim about this complicated, intricate, purposeful piece of machinery that he made about the stone

He compares the EYE to a designed instrument such as the telescope and concludes that 'there is precise the same proof that the eye was made for vision as there is that the telescope was made for assisting it.

QUA REGULARITY:  Natures ability to order itself with the different aspects of our world working together seamlessly.

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Knowledge is what we can know without any experience of the world.

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What knowledge we know from experiencing the world.

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That although the design arguement may be true, but it may be false that God created the design.

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Arthur Borwn

Argued that the ozone layer was also evidence of design.

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God of the Gaps

Philosophers of the teleological arguement don't have another explanation for the design of the world so they place GOD in this gap.

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