Ethics

Topic 1: Absolute and Relative Morality 

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ABSOLUTE

a principle which is unviersally binding

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CONSEQUENTIALISM

The rightness or wrongness of an act is dertermined by the consequenses 

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CULTURAL RELATIVISM

what is right or wrong depends on the culture 

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DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICS

Ethical systems which consider that the moral act itself has a moral value 

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DESCRIPTIVE ETHICS

different cultures and societies have differing ethical systems and so moraltiy is relative 

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MORAL ABSOLUTISM

there is only one correct answer to every moral problem 

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MORAL OBJECTIVISM

Truth is objectively real regardless of culture 

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MORAL RELATIVISM

There is no one universally valid moral principle and so there is no one true morality 

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SUBJECTIVISM

each persons values are relative to that person and so cannot be judged objectively 

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TELEOLOGICAL ETHICS

The moral right or wrong thing to do is determined by the consequences 

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