economic impact of tourism: UK

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outbound trips and expenditure

  • 2005, Britons made 66.4million trips abroad, 3 times as much as in 1985- 2/3 visits were holidays, 1/2 of which werepackage holidays
  • number of holidays continues to rise, fall in number of package holidays recently
  • 81% journeys made by air
  • spain/france accounted for 38% of destinations
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inbound/ domestic trips expenditure

  • 30 million visits into UK in 2005 (double amount in 1984)-2/3 visits were holidays- total spending of visitors was £14.2billion
  • USA largest spending country in UK
  • UK residents spent £85billion-industry is seasonal, most domestic/foreign visits between April and Spetember
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Economic importance of tourism

  • accounts for 3.5% of UK's economy
  • 2 million jobs either directly/indirectly sustained by tourism
  • directly related employment totals 1.4million (5% of all UK's jobs)
  • london- tourism 2nd largest and fastest growning sector of economy, accounts ofr 8% GDP and 13%employment
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regional problems in Cornwall

  • attracts more domestic visitors than any other region in UK- accounts for 29% total employment

experiences problems due to:

  • high seasonality- struggles in winter, if weather is bad in summer tourist numbers decline- jobs are seasonal
  • overcrowding in summer- roads, car parks, beaches, attractions
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