What is the DSM?
- The DSM is used to classify mental disorders so that they can be diagnosed.
- There have been five revisions of the DSM since it was initially published in 1952. Each time mental disorders are added or taken away.
- The DSM uses a multi-axial system meaning that people are assessed based on multiple criteria.
- The five axis model is designed to provide a comprehensive diagnosis that includes a complete picture of not just acute symptoms but of the entire scope of factors that account for a patient's mental health.
Axis 1: Clinical disorders.
Examples - anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders.
Axis 2: Personality/developmental disorders.
Examples - borderline personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder.
Axis 3: Relevant physical disorders.
Examples - diabetes, asthma.
Axis 4: Psychosocial and environmental problems.
Examples - educational problems, occupational problems.
Axis 4: Global assessment of functioning.
Rating between 1 and 100.