Cognitive approach to abnormality! AO1
Ellis and Beck criticize the Behaviourist explanation of abnormality because it focuses on the stimulus > response and doesn't take into account the mental process.
The cognitive approach argues that its a thinking process that occurs between the stimulus and the response:
* Irrational thinking/ABC model
This model suggests that distorted thinking can lead to abnormal behaviour/emotional problems.
you may start behaving like:Polarized thinking, over generalisation, tyranny of must, should, ought, catastrophizing
negative views about the world
negative views about the future negative views about oneself
Cognitive approach to abnormality! AO2
*fails to examine the origins of irrational thinking its difficult to identify wether abnormality is the cause by irrational thinking or the effect of irrational thoughts
*it suggests that the person is solely responsible. the cognitive approach lays the blame for psychological problems within the individual/
*There is research to support the cognitive approach to abnormality. It has demonstrated that many people suffering from mental disorders do exhibit thought patterns associated with maladaptive functioning.
Gustafon(1992) found that maladaptive behaviours were displayed by many people with psychological disorders. for example anxiety, depression etc..