British Prime Ministers

Summary of British Prime Ministers

1918 - 1964 :) 

For AQA history (A2) Unit 3J 

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Prime Ministers

  • David Lloyd Geoge - 1916 - 1921
  • Andrew Bonar Law - 1922 - 1923
  • Stanley Baldwin 1923 - 1924
  • Ramsey MacDonald - 1924
  • Stanley Baldwin 1924 - 1929
  • Ramsey MacDonald - 1929 - 1935
  • Stanley Baldwin - 1935 - 1937 
  • Nevil Chainberlin - 1937 - 1940 
  • Winston Churchill - 1940 - 1945
  • Clement Attlee 1945 - 1951
  • Winston Churchill 1951 - 1955
  • Anthony Eden 1955 - 1957 
  • Harold MacMillan 1957 - 1963
  • Sir Alec Douglas Home - 1963 - 1964
1 of 13

David Lloyd George

The fall of DLG 

- Chanak 

- Honours Scandle 

- Bad coalition 

- Calton Club (Torys dumped him) 

2 of 13

Ramsey MacDonald

Strengths of his leadership 

- Good public speaker 

- Bought Labour Party valuable time to develop and experience

- Resisted demands from the left 

- Social reforms 

- Wheatleys Housing Act 

- Cut taxes for lower income group

- Removed G.B from the gold standard

- Old Age pensions increased

- Strong forgien relationships (USA and Russia - Young Plan) 

3 of 13

Ramsey MacDonald

Weaknesses of his leadership 

- Seen as incompetant 

- Took on oo much (P.M and forgein secretary) 

- Party split over employment cuts (1931) 

- Didn't tackle high unemployment 

- Zinoviate Letter

- Campbell Affair 

- Wall Street Crash

- Was too moderate

- Torys dominated National Government

4 of 13

Stanley Baldwin

Strengths of his leadership 

- Delt with the General Strike Well (and Churchill) 

- Good public speaker 

- Economic growth 

- Growth of Consumer goods

- Delt with the abdication crisis

- low interest rates - cheap money 

- Pleased those on the left "aimed to bind together all classes"  

- Reforms, pensions act, widows benefits, 

- BBC and Central electricity board

- Local government act 1929


5 of 13

Stanley Baldwin

Weaknesses of his leadership 

- Gold standard

- Poor industrial relations

- Lost 1929 election 

- No message "safty first"

- failed to develop policies 

- didnt tackle unemployment

- Devil decade 1930s 

- Rearmanent was expensive 

- Employment benefits cut

6 of 13

Clement Attlee

Strenths of his leadership 

- Wealfare State

- NHS

- Education improvements 

- Housing improvements 

- Nationalisation (consensous govt.)

- Lower class taxes cut

- Benefits improved 

- Rationing - healthy population

7 of 13

Clement Attlee

Weaknesses of his leadership 

- Harsh Winter 1947 

- Devalued £

- Korean War 

- Labour Split 

- Percription chargs 

- Loans from the USA

- Blanance of payments crisis

- Lost support from the middle class (rationing)

8 of 13

Winston Churchill

Strengths of his leadership 

- Man who won the war 

- Young Conservatives 

- Won 1951 election 

- Better planning 

- Reorganised the party and modernised 

- More party funds

- Industrial Chartre

- Growth in the 1950s 

- Good war time leader

- Cleared the deficet 1952

9 of 13

Winston Churchill

Weaknesses of his leadereship 

- Abdication crisis

- Lost election after WWII (poor capaign) 

- Not a party leader

- Had no clear message 

- Wildness years and black dog

- Had no close realtionships 

- Blamed for appeasment 

- Torys split over the beverage report

10 of 13

Anthony Eden

Leadership of Eden

- Took over from Churchill 

- Poor handling on domestic policy

- Suez proved he wasnt a good PM. 

- relationship with USA damaged 

- Eden lost Britians place in the world 

- Eden was forced to resign 

11 of 13

Harold Mac Millian

Strengths of his leadership 

- "Super Mac"

- Used the media well 

- Focused on domestic policies 

- Economic boom and consumer boom

- Faced the trade unions

- Had a good relationship with the USA

- "never had it so good" years

- Housing boom 

- Class shifts

12 of 13

Harold Mac Millian

Weaknesses of his leadership 

- Consensous govt.

- Unable to join the EEC

- Immegration and riots 

- "winds have changed" lost empire 

- Cold war

- Korean war

- Poffumo Affair

13 of 13

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