- The retreat from empire
- The impact of the Suez
- The "winds have changed" in Africa
- Attempts to join the EE
Did Britain miss the bus?
Were we loosing our place on the world stage?
Loss of imperial control
- Throughout the 1950s more countries wanted independence
- British troops were fighting movements in Kenya, Malaya and Cyprus
- It became harder to resis independence on a moral ground
- We went to war (WWII) for independence and freedom
- 1956 Suez Crisis, shows Britians place falling in the world
- After the problems G.B caused in Suez the government start to look G.Bs at place in the world
- Mac Millian "Wind have changed" - Change in inevitable
- Other alternative is to fight the African uprising but they threated G.Bs status
- Mac Millian believed it was time to let the empire go
Britain and Europe
- Europe were keen for G.B to join the economic pact
- Attlee didn't want to join the EEC
- No national consensouse
- Labour againt free market principles
- Torys waned to keep the commonwealth
- Against alliance with Germany
- Benefits were recognised
- Policy was dominated by 'special relationship'
However the economic 'mircal' in Germany showed the benefits of the EEC
Britain wanting to join the EEC
- Loosing Collines meant G.B had lost over seas markets
- Britian couldn't stand alone
- Britain needed parteners, lost all trade relationships
- Britian appealed to the EEC in 1961
- Application was turned down in 1963 and then again in 1967
- 1951 Britian was fighting in the Korean War (fighting communism)
- Member of NATO
- Developing Necular wepons
- 1950s Cold War (G.B and USA against Russia)
- G.B and USA relationship was threated with Suez
- MacMillian and JFK has a good relationship (was dominated by JFK)
By 1964 Britain had lost her empire but has still not found a new role or partenership.
Had Britain missed the bus?