B7- Movement and exercise

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: chloe
  • Created on: 03-04-13 16:09

What is a vertibrate?

  • vertibrates are any living organism with a backbone
1 of 13

How are vertibrates put into groups depending on t

  • How the animal takes in oxygen (lungs, gills, or through the skin)
  • Thermoregulation- maintains own temperature (homeotherms) or their temperature varies with their surroundings (poikilotherm)
  • Reproduction- Internal or external fertisation. Lay eggs (ouiporous) or give birth to live young (viviparous)
2 of 13

What are the different groups of vertebrates?

  • Fish
  • Amphibian
  • Reptile
  • Bird
  • Mamual
3 of 13

How do antagonistic pairs work? Give examples.

  • An antagonistic pair of muscles create movment when one (the prime mover) contracts and the other (the antagonist) relaxes.
  • E.g. Quadriecps and hamstrings in the leg and Biceps and triceps in the arm
4 of 13

Recall the strucutre of a joint and what the compo

  • Ligament- joins bone to bone and stablises the joint
  • Tendon- joins muscle to bone in order to enable movement
  • Cartilage- redues friction, acts as a shock absorber and is a smooth protective surface
  • Synovial Fluid (produced by the synovial membrane) - lubricates the joint
5 of 13

Describe: Abduction, adduction, extention, Flexion

  • Abduction is the movment away from the mid-line of the body
  • Adduction is the movment towards the mid-line of the body
  • Extention is the straightening of the limbs at the joint
  • Flexion is the bending of the limbs at a joint
  • Rotation is a circlar movement around a fixed joint
6 of 13

Factors surronding fitness

  • Raising heart rate
  • Tones the body and stregthens the muscles
  • Lung capacity increases
  • strengthens the diaphragm and incostal muscles
  • Decreases the risk of of certain diseases
  • Strengthens bone density
  • Muscles around the heart become stonger
  • Linked to the cardiovascular system: heart ,lungs, blood vessels
7 of 13

History that needs to be disclosed before excerise

  • Illness- Depending on the illness is will impact on the type of excerise and the duration
  • Injures- To prevent further injury and then they can taylor a program to fit your needs
  • Smoker- Links in with the cardiovascular system. Damage could be done.
  • Family medical history- Underlying problems such as heart conditions
  • Diet- They need to know so diet can be improved and altered to fit in with the exercise regime.
  • BMI- Links into obesity. Meaning targets can be made to lose wieght
  • Blood pressure and heart rate- This is known as a baseline test to see what improvements could be made
8 of 13

Par-Q

  • A Par-Q is a form of physical examination. The Par-Q tests a persons physical rediness to begin a new work our routine.
  • Common questions focas on- age, how active you are, heart deseases, chlorestol levels, if you have diabeties, if you have high blood pressure and if you are perscribbed drugs for any reason.
9 of 13

What is the equation for BMI?

  • BMI= body mass (kg) / [height(m)]2
10 of 13

How do sprains occur and what are the symtoms?

  • Usally occurs when you over strech your liagment by twisting your ankle or knee
  • Symptoms include- Redness and swelling, bruising, difficulty walking, throbbing and cramping pains
11 of 13

Describe RICE

  • Rest- keep wieght of the injury and immobileize the joint
  • Ice- reduce swelling and slow down the flow of blood to the injured area. This avoids damaging the tissue. Ice should be applied indrectly using a tea towel.
  • Compression- involves wrapping a bandage around the injury to reduce swelling. Bandage should be 'snug' not tight
  • Elevation- means raising the injured area. This reduces swelling by helping to keep excess fluid away from the damaged area
12 of 13

What is a physiotherapist?

  • Treat a wide range of muscle and ligment injures using physical theropy, massage and manipulation. The patients could have suffered from heart attacks, strokes and people with injurees or disabilities.
13 of 13

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Respiration and exercise resources »