B7.1 Movement and Exercise

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  • Created by: dmistry02
  • Created on: 12-06-14 13:51
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  • Movement and Exercise
    • Joints and movement
      • skeleton
        • enables movement
        • provides support
        • protects internal organs.
        • Bones - rigid tissues that support weight without bending
        • Ligament - strong, fibrous, elastic connective tissue that connects bone to bone in joints.
          • Joints and movement
            • skeleton
              • enables movement
              • provides support
              • protects internal organs.
              • Bones - rigid tissues that support weight without bending
              • Ligament - strong, fibrous, elastic connective tissue that connects bone to bone in joints.
              • muscles - tissue that can contract and relax to cause movement
                • only move bone in one direction
                • work in antagonist pairs
                • contracts and relaxes
              • Tendons - strong, fibrous, flexible connective tissue that join muscle to bone
              • joint - allow smooth movement and reduces the effect of wear and tear
                • Cartilage - prevents bones from rubbing
                • Synovial fluid - lubricates joint and reduces friction
                • Ligaments - stabilises the joint during movement
                • Tendons - transmit the force from contracting onto the bone.
        • muscles - tissue that can contract and relax to cause movement
          • only move bone in one direction
          • work in antagonist pairs
          • contracts and relaxes
        • Tendons - strong, fibrous, flexible connective tissue that join muscle to bone
        • joint - allow smooth movement and reduces the effect of wear and tear
          • Cartilage - prevents bones from rubbing
          • Synovial fluid - lubricates joint and reduces friction
          • Ligaments - stabilises the joint during movement
          • Tendons - transmit the force from contracting onto the bone.
      • Exercise programmes
        • medical history assessment
          • current symptoms
          • current medication
          • Alcohol and tobacco consumption
          • current physical activity
          • Family medical history
          • Previous treatment
        • Heart rate
          • beats per minute (bpm)
          • resting heart rate is 60-80 bpm
          • increases during exercise
            • Providing oxygen to cells and mucle
            • removal of waste
      • Body Mass Index
        • used to assess weight and fitness
        • Weight (lb) / Height (in)
        • can be innacurate
          • muscle has weight
      • Injuries
        • caused by:
          • doing strenuous exercise
          • over exertion
          • excess exercise
        • includes:
          • dislocation
          • torn tendons
          • sprain
          • over extended muscle
        • Sprain
          • an over stretched ligament
          • Symptoms
            • pain at joint
            • unable to move joint or apply pressure
            • swelling
            • redness and warmth
            • bruising
          • Treatment (RICE)
            • Rest - avoid moving
            • Ice - cooling to prevent swelling
            • Elevation - raising the injury lowering the blood pressure
      • Physiotherapy
        • increase the range of movement after an injury
    • comprehension - support bandage reduces swelling
      • Treatment (RICE)
        • Rest - avoid moving
        • Ice - cooling to prevent swelling
        • Elevation - raising the injury lowering the blood pressure

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