Who inspired expressionism and what type of composer?
When and where was he born?
What was expressionist music?
Tonal or Atonal?
5 characteristics of Expressionist music......
Example of piece?
Arnold Schoenberg, romantic composer
Expressionist was intensely emotional music that was believed to be able to express your inner emotions
Angular spiky melodies
Lots of dissonance
Schoenberg -Pierrot Lunaire
Basic Series/ Prime Order?
The 12 notes used in this were......
3 Composers of the 2nd Viennese School?
Example of Serialism?
Original order of 12 chromatic notes arranged in a tone row
Prime Order in reverse order
Prime order inverted
Prime Order reversed and inverted
12 different chromatic pitches
Adjacent notes put into chords
Berg, Webern, Schoenberg
When and where did it develop?
5 Typical features?
Atonal or Tonal?
3 Minimalist composers?
example of Minimalist piece?
1960's and 1970's- America
Repetition, Tonal, Phase Shifting, Made up of short simple loops, Metamorphosis
Tiny constant changes to each loop
Adding and Taking away notes and rests so the parts move in and out of sync and then gradually back in.
Steve Reich, Phillip Glass, Terry Riley
Short repeated patterns that are used to change patterns throughout the piece
Shaker Loops, John Adams
what are extended Techniques?
Music left to chance
John Cage, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies
Score with pictures and diagrams rather than notation with explanatory notes to specify exact pitches and lengths.
Sprechstimme, Portamento, Con Legno