King and Duke of Gloucester commanding main army, Sir John Cornwall with advanced gaurd and Duke of York and Earl of Oxford with rear guard.

French joined by Dukes of Orleans, Bourbon, Alencon and others.

French commanded by Marshal Boucicault and Constable d'Albret but had no command structure.

40,000 French and 5,800 English but odds were narrowed because of battlefield choice.

Many English still ill with dysentry and malnourishment.

Englsih Army had to be silent overnight, Henry threatened them to motivate them.

Threats were confiscation of knights armour and horse, 1 severed ear for lower ranked soldiers and removal of three fingers for archers.

Henry picked wheatfield for battleground as it was muddy and sodden from recent raining.

Henry commanded centre, Duke of York right and Lord Camoys KG on left.

Archers made stakes at horse breast height to keep cavalry at a distance.

Horses churned mud making battlefield even worse after 1st wave.

English in 3 groups with archers in gaps and horns, protected at flank by woods with no reinforcements.

French in 2 long lines with cavalry behind and artillery on the wings.

1 of 2

Agincourt Slide 2

Minimal English clothes and armour to move faster in muddy field.

Many drowned and suffocated from being buried under their comrades after falling.

After 1st and 2nd wave Henry executed majority of prisoners as deterrant to French.

Had to be done by archers as soldiers feared for loosing their ransoms.

No 3rd wave came. French retreated even with still superior numbers.

Results = 10,000 French dead including 3 dukes, 7 counts, 120 barons and 1,500 knights. 300 English dead.

Next day, 1,500 prisoners and Englsih army travelled to Calais and arrived on 29th October.

King was greeted but soldiers were not, some were even turned away.

People of Calais charged high prices for food and water and soldiers were soon cheated out of their loot and rich captives. Henry kept the important prisoners for themselves.

Troops were too exhausted so Henry travelled back to England in November and arrived in London on 23rd November to be welcomed. 

2 of 2


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Britain in the Middle Ages resources »