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The British first gained rule of India in the 18th century
They originally started trade with the state of Bengal
The British then formed an alliance with the Indian Princes
British then attacked the Mysore (controlled by Tipu Sultan)
They were defeated twice by Tipu Sultan
By third attack British demanded tribute
By 1799 the British defeated Tipu and began taking over the rest of India and
defeated the Mughal empire
The British then began encouraging divisions amongst the princes
They then took over the sub-divisions
They ensured that fair rule and all treated equally
They then work and allied with Indian princes
They then helped fight with the French in the seven years war by 1763
Encouraged divisions amongst the Indians
Introduced the Caste system ­ language, religious and ethnic divisions…read more

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Caste System
Reasons British wanted
- Resources and Food
- Land and Money
- Spices and Herbs
- Show/ power
- Tobacco
- The People
- Jewels ­ Gold & Silver
- Silk and Tea…read more

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Born in Gujarat India on October 1869
Educated to a university level trained as lawyer in London
Took a job in South Africa as lawyer and became appalled by the way Indians were
being treated
Spent 20 years campaigning for better treatment of all immigrants
Developed the `Satyagraha' a form of Hindu protesting
Returned to India in 1919 to begin campaign against the British
Became a dominant political figure for India by 1920
Transformed the Indian National Congress (INC)
Used a program of mass (peaceful) non-cooperation against the British
Represented the INC at the London Round Table conference in 1931
Resigned as leader of congress in 1934 but remained a key figure towards Indian
Assassinated in 1947 by a Hindu Fanatic who felt Gandhi favored Muslims too
much…read more

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Born in Allahabad in 1889
Joined the INC (Indian National Congress) in 1919
Imprisoned for Civil disobedience by the British in the 1920's and 30's
In 1928 was elected president of congress
Negotiated the final stages of Indian Independence in 1945 through to 1947
On August 15, 1947 he became the first prime minister of independent India
until his death in 1964…read more

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Born in Karachi on 1876
Educated in England and then became a lawyer in Bombay (now Mumbai)
Joined Congress and the Muslim league in 1913
He opposed the congress campaign against the British rule in the 1920's and
resigned from the movement
Conflict continued throughout 1930 between the Muslim league and congress
On August 14th 1947, campaigning on behalf of Muslims, led the British partition of
India and created the state of Pakistan
Became first governor general of partition but died in 1948 due to TB…read more

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